Montessori

Topics: Maria Montessori, Montessori method, Pedagogy Pages: 11 (2957 words) Published: October 12, 2013
Name : Shyamila Galappaththi
Student ID No. : Not available
Module : DMT 101 – Montessori Philosophy & Theory
Date of Submission : 11th December 2011

“A child’s different sensibilities enable him to choose, from his complex environment, what is suitable and necessary for
his growth. They make the child sensitive to some things but, leave him indifferent to others. When a particular
sensitiveness is aroused in a child, it is like a light that shines on some objects but not others. Making of them – his whole world. ”
Secret of Childhood (pg 42, chapter 7)

Define the term “Sensitive Periods” and explain how teacher’s knowledge and understanding of these periods determine his/her preparation and custodianship of a prepared environment.

A child is gifted with two super natural aids to develop him/her self from birth. That is an absorbent mind and sensitive periods. Child would construct himself with the impressions he receives from his environment. Peaceful and harmonious behaviour of a child can be incarnated at very early years. The teacher’s role in the same and how it can be done was discussed in detail by Dr. Maria Montessori. “It is not enough to know that this child is John, that his father is a carpenter; the teacher must know and experience

in her daily life the secret of childhood.” (The Absorbent Mind, Page 282)
She said that the child possess within himself a pre-determined pattern of psychic unfolding, which is not visible at birth. She called it the spiritual embryo. For this pattern to reveal itself, two conditions must be fulfilled; the proper environment and the freedom to reveal himself.

Dr. Montessori discovered that children have a creative
intelligence that exists in his unconscious mental stage. From birth to an age of 3 years, children absorb precise skills and abilities through activities. Given the right conditions, children will develop natural spontaneous goodness and love and natural desire to learn and work.

Name : Shyamila Galappaththi
Student ID No. : Not Available
Module : DMT 101 – Montessori Philosophy & Theory
Date of Submission : 11th December 2011

Children form their personalities through interacting with their surroundings. Children pass through special creative sensitivities from time to time. Dr. Montessori named them as Sensitive periods. Sensitive periods are blocks of time in the child’s life when he is absorbed with one characteristic of his environment to the exclusion of all others. Particular sensitivity towards certain stimuli lasts until a necessary need is fulfilled. Dr. Montessori discovered children have sensitivity to order, learning through their five senses, sensitivity for small and minute objects, sensitivity for walking, sensitivity for language and sensitivity for social interest. During a particular sensitive period the precise function can be perfectly established or can be acquired in a more perfect manner. If it is not been capitalised, natural conquest is lost forever and the child may have a disturbing effect on his psychic development. Hence, it is important to identify and make best use of these sensitive periods. An extraordinarily gifted person; a scholar like Madame Curie, a compassionate soul like Mother Theresa, with a hint of arrogance like Queen Mary, Maria Montessori was always ahead of her time. She became the first woman to receive a doctorate in medicine in Italy. Initially she took care of children’s bodies and physical illnesses. Then with her natural intellectual curiosity, she started to explore children’s minds and how they learn. Her experiments with retarded children proved that there was such potential within a child. Children are capable of absolute concentration provided they have the right material. Opening of first Casa Dei Bambini in Lorenzo gave her an opportunity to work with normal children. Her method was a

consequence of her discoveries during her work there.
Dr. Montessori created special equipment and...
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