The first half of the book takes place in concentration camps throughout Europe, including the legendary Auschwitz. In his account of the camps, Frankl describes the nature of man when subjected to immense suffering. He gives large contrasts of prisoners giving in to the suffering and how they rise above it. His ideas deal with the value of life even at times of suffering and hopelessness and how everyone has to understand that. One of the main topics he discusses concerning suffering is that of hope. Without hope then there would be no point in anyone enduring the suffering with which they endured during these Nazi concentration camps. Frankl says that, "Every man was controlled by one thought only: to keep himself alive for the family waiting for him at home, and to save his friends. With no hesitation, therefore, he would arrange for another prisoner, another number,' to take his place in the transport." This really shows how much suffering people went through just in hope of returning to loved ones.
Another one of his lines from his book is, "Emotion, which is suffering, ceases to be suffering as soon as we form a clear and precise picture of it." In this Frankl says that suffering is a result of emotion and that as soon as we realize this suffering then that is when we can put an end to the suffering. Frankel thought the prisoners ordeals were in phases, they showed emotions in three different phases. The first phase was the minds of these prisoners immediately after being detained and herded off to the several different concentration camps. The second phase was their minds after incarceration and them