Running Head: Military Psych
Applied Areas of Psychology: Military Psychology
Keira M. Driscoll
Military psychology is an area of applied psychology that is somewhat difficult to define due to the large area of activities in its field that it covers. Military psychology covers psychological research, assessment, and treatment. The field of military psychology is used not only with soldiers but with civilians (Strickland & Cengage, 2001). Military psychology is the research, design and application of psychological theories and experimental data towards reaching the goal of understanding, predicting, and contradicting behaviors either in own, friendly, or enemy forces. These psychologists help situations that have potential to be dangerous or threatening to military operations. Researchers in this field tend to maintain their attention on the psychology of combat, military life, and the psychology of military organization (Strickland & Cengage, 2001). Military psychology is important in its field because it allows for countries to be able to assess the people who apply to be apart of their defense systems. Through personality tests, aptitude, and intelligence tests they are then able to hand select those who they think would be best suited to perform in certain positions, and be able to handle the amount of pressure and stress that comes along with their position, this is particularly important for those who serve in extremely intense positions such as Special Forces units (Strickland & Cengage, 2001). Military psychology is also applied through counseling, the treatment of stress, and fatigue of military workforce as well as management of psychological trauma caused by the participation in military operation (Strickland & Cengage, 2001). Military psychology is also used during the interrogation of prisoners in order to gain information that can increase the chances of friendly...
References: "Military Psychology." Encyclopedia of Psychology. 2nd ed. Ed. Bonnie R. Strickland. Gale Cengage, 2001. eNotes.com. 2006. 30 Nov, 2008 http://www.enotes.com/gale-psychology-encyclopedia/military-psychology
Kennedy, C. & Zillmer, E. (2006). Military Psychology: Clinical and Operational Applications. New York: Guilford Press.
We have been reading and talking about the development of specific applied fields, most notably clinical, counseling, forensic, I/O, and school psychology. There are numerous other applied fields however including: sport psychology, military psychology, consumer psychology, engineering psychology, rehabilitation psychology, media psychology. Choose any applied field that we have not read about thus far and learn what you can about it: How did the field develop? What exactly does this type of psychologist do? What kind of training is required? What types of infra-structure supports are there (e.g., journals, professional associations or organizations)? From what you’ve been able to find out, do you think the field has been most influenced by behavioral psychology? Psychoanalytic psychology? Cognitive psychology? Other influences?
For the paper, discuss your findings vis-à-vis the readings we have done for this course. Make sure to include how the development of your chosen applied field illustrates—or does not illustrate—the dynamics which have influenced the development of other applied fields we have studied thus far, as described in both the text and S to S.
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