Honors English 11
14 March 2013
Benefits of Military Artificial Intelligence
The significant advances of artificial intelligence have convinced the US military to increase spending into its research by at least $487 billion in an environment that is calling for budget cuts. With the help of these machines the death rate could be significantly reduced in the future. All contrary arguments come down to moral disagreements concerning the lack of human morals that bind most modern soldiers coupled with the ever present danger of hacking attempts. However, machines can be considered more consistent than a human and as the programs rapidly evolve it will become nigh on impossible to hack them. The rapidly advancing field of artificial intelligence would greatly benefit the military as operation planning would be made easier, soldiers could be trained both better and faster and existing drone technologies could be further augmented. Artificial intelligence is a complex subject that requires some background information to fully understand. One of the earliest definitions of "true" artificial intelligence was proposed by Alan Turing with the Turing Test. The idea behind this test was to have a human ask both a computer and a human a series of questions and then see if the tester could tell which was the computer. The AI did not necessarily need to answer all the questions correctly, it just had to give an answer similar to that a human would give. The test would also be done via text so that the computer would not have problems with mimicking human speech. Very few AIs have passed the test with the first occurring in 2012 as it was judged to be human 52 percent of the time. The other major factor in determining a true artificial intelligence was the Chinese Room Experiments by John Searle as an expansion of the Turing Test. In this experiment, Searle wanted to test whether an intelligence was actually interpreting language or just feigning understanding. He went about this by having test subjects send questions to the machine in Chinese characters and then making the machine and a human give responses in English and then make a judgment similar to the Turing Test. While many have criticized both of these methods they seem to remain the best ways to determine a true artificial intelligence and not a machine that is just blindly giving correct responses by default as no other real advancement has been put forward despite the discussions of the limits these systems contain. The advancement of artificial intelligence can greatly enhance the the military's capability to plan large operations as seen with research currently being performed by Imagine One Technologies for the Navy Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center (SPAWAR for short). Imagine One's $14 million indefinite contract is "part of a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) phase III project. Decision One experts developed some of these artificial intelligence technologies in SBIR phase I and II contracts beginning in 2007." With this research "US Navy officials are investigating the use of artificial intelligence technologies to automate business processes and decision making on key Navy and joint platforms ranging from navigation and ship control to tactical analysis, sensors and weapons" (Keller). This research, while still in preliminary phases, has lots of promise and could greatly assist the planning process. Tactical analysis performed by an AI would lead to a commanding officer being able to pay more attention to big issues in the heat of battle and give a better, more advanced ability to view key points both before and during a mission. If a commander has less to worry about during a large scale conflict they could have the capacity to give more direct orders to squads or learn where areas need specific roles such as medics. These little benefits would stack up saving lives and giving the edge over a technologically inferior foe....
Cited: Alexander, David. “US Military Embraces Robots With Greater Autonomy.” Reuters. N.p., May 2012. Web. 6 Feb. 2013.
Conant, Joyce. “Army Researchers Develop Robot Intelligence to Support Soldiers.” Army Research Laboratory. N.p., 10 Jan. 2013. Web. 6 Feb. 2013
Gallagher, Ryan. “Military Moves Closer to Truly Autonomous Drones.” Future Tense. N.p., 26 Jan. 2013. Web. 6 Feb. 2013.
Garegnani, Jordan. “Artificial Intelligence Advances in Military Ranks.” SIGNAL Magazine. N.p., 15 Dec. 2010. Web. 6 Feb. 2013.
Keller, John. “Navy Eyes Artificial Intelligence to Automate Decision Making on Ships, Sensors and Weapons.” Military & Aerospace Electronics (Penwell). N.p., 22 June 2012. Web. 6 Feb. 2013.
Prelipcean, Gabriela, Florin Moisescu, and Mircea Boscoianu. “Artificial Intelligence Can Improve Military Decision Making.” Artificial Intelligence. Noah Berlatsky. Detroit Greenhaven Press, 2011. Opposing Viewpoints. Rpt. From “New Ideas on the Artificial Intelligence Support in Military Applications.” World Scientific and Engineering Academy and Society, 2010. 34-37. Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. 5 Dec. 2012
Schaffer, Johnathan, Michael Buro, and Vadim Buliko. “AI Research and Video Games Benefit One Another.” Artificial Intelligence. Noah Berlatsky. Detroit Greenhaven Press, 2011. Opposing Viewpoints. Rpt. From “Bots Get Smart.” IEEE Spectrum (Dec. 2008). Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. 18 Dec. 2012
Please join StudyMode to read the full document