Mihai Eminescu

Topics: Mihai Eminescu, Romania, Poetry Pages: 3 (736 words) Published: September 7, 2010
Mihai Eminescu (January 15, 1850 – June 15, 1889), was a late Romantic poet, the best-known and most influential Romanian poet. Famous poems include "Luceafărul" ("Evening Star"), "Odă în metru antic" ("Ode in ancient meter"), and the five "Scrisori" ("Epistles/Satires"). Eminescu has been active in the "Junimea" literary society, and served as editor of "Timpul", the official newspaper of the Conservative Party.

Nicolae Iorga, the Romanian historian, considers Eminescu the godfather of the modern Romanian language. He is unanimously celebrated as the greatest and most representative Romanian poet.

The poet
His poems span a large range of themes, from nature and love to history and social commentary. His childhood years were evoked in his later poetry with deep nostalgia.

Eminescu was influenced by the work of Arthur Schopenhauer, and some have suggested that his most famous poem, "Luceafărul", includes elements of Vedic cosmogony. Eminescu's poems have been translated in over 60 languages. His life, work and poetry strongly influenced the Romanian culture and studying his poems is a requirement in Romanian public schools and often memorization and analysis of "Luceafarul" is mandatory for high school graduation exams.

His most famous poems are:
Doina (the name is a traditional type of Romanian song), 1884 •Lacul (The Lake), 1876
Luceafărul (The Evening Star), 1884
Floare albastră (Blue Flower), 1884
Dorinţa (Desire), 1884
Sara pe deal (Evening on the Hill), 1885
O, rămii (Oh, Linger On), 1884
Epigonii (Epigones), 1884
Scrisori (Letters or "Epistles-Satires")
Şi dacă (And if...), 1883
Odă (în metru antic) (Ode (in Ancient Meter)), 1883
Mai am un singur dor (I Have Yet One Desire), 1883

The storyteller
Făt-Frumos din lacrimă (Prince Charming, The Tear-Begotten) •Geniu pustiu (Empty Genius)
Sărmanul Dionis (Wretched Dionis)
Cezara (a proper name)

Collected edition:
Poems and Prose of...
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