Nicolae Iorga, the Romanian historian, considers Eminescu the godfather of the modern Romanian language. He is unanimously celebrated as the greatest and most representative Romanian poet.
His poems span a large range of themes, from nature and love to history and social commentary. His childhood years were evoked in his later poetry with deep nostalgia.
Eminescu was influenced by the work of Arthur Schopenhauer, and some have suggested that his most famous poem, "Luceafărul", includes elements of Vedic cosmogony. Eminescu's poems have been translated in over 60 languages. His life, work and poetry strongly influenced the Romanian culture and studying his poems is a requirement in Romanian public schools and often memorization and analysis of "Luceafarul" is mandatory for high school graduation exams.
His most famous poems are:
• Doina (the name is a traditional type of Romanian song), 1884
• Lacul (The Lake), 1876
• Luceafărul (The Evening Star), 1884
• Floare albastră (Blue Flower), 1884
• Dorinţa (Desire), 1884
• Sara pe deal (Evening on the Hill), 1885
• O, rămii (Oh, Linger On), 1884
• Epigonii (Epigones), 1884
• Scrisori (Letters or "Epistles-Satires")
• Şi dacă (And if...), 1883
• Odă (în metru antic) (Ode (in Ancient Meter)), 1883
• Mai am un singur dor (I Have Yet One Desire), 1883
• Făt-Frumos din lacrimă (Prince Charming, The Tear-Begotten)
• Geniu pustiu (Empty Genius)
• Sărmanul Dionis (Wretched Dionis)
• Cezara (a proper name)
• Poems and Prose of