The Dark Ages
In this paper, I will talk about how The Middle Ages, also known as the Dark Ages, was considered to be a time of death, disease and despair. Just as the name the “Dark Ages” advocates, this era of European history appeared to be bounded by gloom and desperateness. Unfortunately, most of the people only see this side of the Middle Ages when, in fact, the Middle Ages was a far more significant era. Mainly during the late Middle Ages, one can find a alteration in orthodox social structure, political unpredictability mostly concerned with succession to the throne, and economic deviations and how those changes went hand in hand with the change in society; which includes the influence on literature, imagination, religion beliefs, and arts. The hundred year war had huge effects on society in general. Monarchy was collapsing, which opened many doors for other idea and other power leaders. Immigration boosted, making the culture rich of blends resulting of vice versa influence. Politics in the late Middle Ages is best described as instable due to competition for succession and power. The most significant event during this time period was the Hundred Years War, basically a territorial conflict and competition for succession between the king of England and the king of France after the Captain monarchy crumbled. After the Hundred Year War, Europe was put under a period of adversity in terms of their political stability. Leaders fell, and now it was open season for power. In England, The king relied on Parliament to increase what was called Levy Taxes. The English monarch no longer had absolute power; the king had a “commitment to levy no direct tax without Parliament’s consent.” In France, Monarchy went bankrupt, and it was nearly impossible for a French wealthy man to take over. Further proving the weakness of French unity was the Estates-General, a parliamentary institution that failed to represent all of the French people. The Middle Ages was considered a period of ignorance, barbarism and superstition. This period was called the dark ages due to the negative practices involved, but Scholars saw the period differently stating that the history was a continuous process from biblical times to their time. Most of them wrote about battles, feudalism, crusades, manorialism, kings and emperors, rise of towns, Universities and churches. This largely influenced the thoughts folk tales, super humans, myths and legends. Representations of art during this period were modestly scaled with little creativity because artists did their work collectively and mainly for religious purposes. Fear suppressed them, and freedom of speech is limited. There was no competition in the art industry and traditional techniques were used to design objects. According to the Encyclopedia of Medieval Religion, art was very limited and controlled. People who rule Europe wanted only religious paintings which were called Pietistic Paintings. The appearance of Renaissance period; walking in any of the churches in Europe, one can see a set of mosaics and fresco paintings. No harsh colors were allowed to be used; only a mix of secondary colors and a grey to show a dull and pale paintings. The architect consisted of Romanesque (built between the Roman and Gothic times) , Gothic (built during the Romanesque and Renaissance period) , and Perpendicular Gothic (built after Gothic period and lasted for about three years). As far as art, it consisted of Byzantine Art, Christian and religious Art, Romanesque Art, and Gothic Art. Art was used to spread religion in Europe and throughout other parts of the world and was viewed as a mere utilitarian object which did not have much value. During the Middle Ages, they only recognized one church “The Catholic Church” and one religion “Christianity.” They were run and directed by the Bishop and Archbishops. It was the norm for people to pray five times a day, to cleanse the body and soul from evil and sins...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document