The History Of China The Great Leap Forward And Culture Revolution Student’s Name: Ziyi Xu
Tutor’s Name: Ellie Ristic
Submission Date: 25 Nov, 2014
Word count: 618 words
Since 1949, Mao created People Republic of China, he became a leader in almost 27 years. The establishment of new China marks the opening of a new age. With the establishment of People's Republic of China, Mao Zedong outlining general goals and main course for transforming China from agricultural country to industrial, and from new-democratic society to socialist. In the main time Mao also set up foreign relationships with other country. The reason why Mao was doing this is because to reached the goal of Chinese's First Five-Year Plan, which was to strive for a high rate of economic growth and emphasize development in heavy industry and technology rather than agriculture. It is worth mentioning is the Second Five-Year Plan, which was from 1956 to 1966. In this period, Mao realized the Soviet model of industrial development was not working in China, therefore he outlined the Second five-year plan (1958-1962). Unlike the First five-year plan, Mao decided not only focus on heavy industry but also light industry, like consumer goods and agriculture output etc. Mao was leading a campaign to rapidly increased China's industrial output by encourage the country's vast rural peasantry. This campaign was called the Great Leap Forward. This campaign was to achieve rapid increases in China's industrial production, Mao hoped to used human-power to " surpass England and catch up to the United States", but the expectation was too high and broke the balance of the economy. The Great Leap Forward set up a counsel production goal, and the harvests was vastly exaggerated. Mao encouraged people to make their own pots, pans and farm implements into usable steel which was wrong and worthless. This caused a massive environment damage in China. The land damage cause from the backyard steel...
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