The Reign of Terror (5 September 1793 – 28 July 1794),also known simply as The Terror, was a period of violence that occurred after the onset of the French Revolution, incited by conflict between rival political factions, the Girondins and the Jacobins, and marked by mass executions of "enemies of the revolution". The death toll ranged in the tens of thousands, with 16,594 executed by guillotine, another 25,000 in summary executions across France. The guillotine (called the "National Razor") became the symbol of the revolutionary cause, After the resolution of the foreign wars during 1791–93, the violence associated with the Reign of Terror increased significantly: only roughly 4 percent of executions had occurred before November 1793 thus signaling to many that the Reign of Terror might have had additional causes. These could have included inherent issues with revolutionary ideology. And/or the need of a weapon for political repression in a time of significant foreign and civil upheaval, leading to many different interpretations by historians.
Heads of Aristocrats, on spikes (pikes).
Many historians have debated the reasons why the French Revolution took such a radical turn during the Reign of Terror of 1793–94. The public was frustrated that the social equality and anti-poverty measures that the Revolution originally promised were not coming to fruition. Jacques Roux's Manifesto of the Enraged in 25 June 1793 describes the extent to which, four years into the Revolution, these goals were largely unattained by the common people. The foundation of the Terror is centered on the April 1793 creation of the Committee of Public Safety and its militant Jacobin delegates. The National Convention believed that the Committee needed to rule with "near dictatorial power" and the Committee was delegated new and expansive political powers to quickly respond to popular demands. Terror was used in these rebellions both to execute inciters and to provide a very visible...
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