Memory Processes

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MEMORY PROCESSES
We have already looked at the different stages of memory formation (from perception to sensory memory to short-term memory to long-term memory) in the section on Types of Memory. This section, however, looks at the overall processes involved.
Memory is the ability to encode, store and recall information. The three main processes involved in human memory are therefore encoding, storage and recall (retrieval). Additionally, the process of memory consolidation (which can be considered to be either part of the encoding process or the storage process) is treated here as a separate process in its own right.
Some of the physiology and neurology involved in these processes is highly complex and technical (and some of it still not completely understood), and lies largely outside the remit of this entry level guide, although at least a general introduction is given here. More information on the architecture of the human brain, and the neurological processes by which memory is encoded, stored and recalled can be found in the section on Memory and the Brain.
In this section: * Memory Encoding * Memory Consolidation * Memory Storage * Memory Recall/Retrieval

Memory Processes
MEMORY ENCODING
??? Did You Know ???
Studies suggest that characteristics of the environment are encoded as part of the memory trace, and can be used to enhance retrieval of the other information in the trace.
In other words, you can recall more when the environments are similar in both the learning (encoding) and recall phases.
Thus, deep-sea divers tend to remember their training more effectively when trained underwater rather than on land, and students perform better on exams by studying in silence, because exams are usually done in silence.
Encoding is the crucial first step to creating a new memory. It allows the perceived item of interest to be converted into a construct that can be stored within the brain, and then recalled later from short-term or

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