Matthew Alexander Henson was born on August 8, 1866 in Charles County, Maryland. His parents were sharecroppers, but at the young age of 12, he became an orphan. He then ran away to Baltimore to work as a cabin boy on a ship. This is where he became an amazing sailor and learned all about exploration.
Henson was 21 when he first met Robert E. Peary. Peary was an excellent explorer, engineer, and Lieutenant for the US Navy, and he was looking for someone to help him on his expedition to Nicaragua to look for a spot to build a canal across Central America. Henson was able to make himself very useful on this journey to Peary since he had learned so much about exploration during his early life.
After proving himself valuable, Henson was able to...
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