Market Structure Cartel

Topics: OPEC, 1973 oil crisis, Petroleum Pages: 3 (846 words) Published: June 24, 2007
A Cartel is a company with a very unique position with the opportunity to use a simple model to optimize price. It is an organization with a very desirable position in the world; very few companies can experience the opportunity to determine their own prices without loosing significantly market share. OPEC is considered a Monopolistic-Cartel type of organization. Firm's demand curve

This type of structure has the advantage that while increasing oil prices may shift the demand curve. The model allows backstop technology and tariffs on oil imports; therefore, the imposition of tariffs to importing countries will reduce OPEC prices without affecting domestic prices. OPEC

For years the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) can be use as an example of a successful cartel. OPEC raised the price to consumers, made a fantastic amount of money, and has survived for years. Today, in United states it can appreciate that base on political swift the organization has benefit and maximized their earning, because the internal cartel lead by: Exxon, Chevron and Conoco-Phillips had influence the political atmosphere to benefit their domestic price decisions. It is clear that OPEC is a profit-maximizing cartel. History

a)Before OPEC seven major oil companies (The Seven Sisters) kept the price of oil the competitive level by restricting output. b)OPEC is formed with five major exporters in September 1960 c)From 1960 to early 1970 the price declaimed, because increase of competition by independent oil companies. d)From 1970 to 1973 exporting countries increased their control over supply (with agreements and nationalizing production). The oil prices reach the same level then the refineries. e)Six Persian OPEC members raised the amount they charged refineries, in addition to cutbacks of oil production, in October 1973 f)In 1974 the real price tripled the year before.

g)From 1979 to 1980 the price increased substantially to more than five times the 1973...
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