Maoists in Nepal
Terrorism is one of the most pressing and ongoing problems in today’s world. It is a term used to describe violence or other harmful acts committed or threatened against civilians by groups or persons for political, nationalist, or religious goals. However, as it is said that ‘one man’s terrorists is another man’s freedom fighter,’ the word terrorism does not have a definite definition. The American Heritage Dictonary defines terrrirism as "the unlawful use or threatened use of force or violence by a person or an organized group against people or property with the intention of intimidating or coercing societies or governments, often for ideological or political reasons” (Terrorism- Definition). Every country, directly or indirectly, has been affected by terrorism. It has terrorized the world, taken the lives of millions of people, displaced millions of people from their homes and has forced them to turn into refugees. Nepal, a south Asian country, is no exception. A group of insurgents called the Maoist, until recently, had been terrorising the Nepalese since 1996. The Maoists, within the time span of a decade, with their Marxist-Leninist ideology, took the path of warefare, terrorised the Nepalese and hindered socio-economic development of the country.
The origin of today’s Maoist goes back to late 1960s. When late King Mahendra dissolved the elected parliament, arrested the cabinet, and banned all political parties, there emerged two groups within the communist party of Nepal: one that preferred to work together with the king and the other that demanded the restoration of the parliament. The later one, with time, changed and evolved into what we have today, the Maoists. However, it wasn’t until March 1995 that this unit center got its name as the “Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist).” It was decided on the unit center’s third platinum along with the decision that it would forego elections and take arms. The party at that time was, and still is, led by Puspa Kamal Dahal, otherwise known as Prachanda. For general public in Nepal, the Maoists were quite an unknown entity until they burst in the scene in 1996 (The Origins of the Nepalese Maoist Insurgency).
In the beginning of their struggle, they were a nice group of people with great ambition. This was a group born from poor governance, poverty and exclusion and so they vowed on bringing equality between different socio-economic groups, overthrowing the system of monarchy and establishing communism in the country. And true to their vow, they did try to uplift the living standard of the marginalized group of people. They punished currupt regional governments; punished corrupt government school principals for collecting money from the students in the name of monthly and examination fees and keeping it to themselves; made the law, in rural areas, that private and boarding schools can charge fees only up to certain amounts. This did bring about some positive change in the rural areas. Corruption rate in those areas decreased, some really good development work started taking place, and education became more affordable for the children of marginalized families.
It gave hope to poor and rural population. People liked Maoists and wished that they would really come into power. Therefore in the beginning, it became somewhat easier for the Maoist to convince people to join their movement. However, later when people started denying joining the rebellions, they started taking people by force. They would come in a group, mostly during night time, armed and masked, and forcefully take people away. This terrorized the rural youth and their families and forced them to leave their home and move to safer areas like the capital city Kathmandu. Later, when youths became scarce and since they needed comrads to replace those who died in the fight with state police and armies, they started abducting children. They would take children either one at a time from their home...
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