Over the last couple of weeks, there has been a lot of valuable information about what economics is and how it works through the presentations and the guest speakers.. Economics is basically the understanding of how different economies function. Economics is the study of how to best allocate scarce resources among competing uses. Scarcity in the economy is the main problem. There are not enough resources to keep up with the demand for them. Within the discipline of economics, there are two areas of study: Micro and Macro Economics.
Microeconomics is the study of an individual economy, or of the different segments within the larger economy, while macroeconomics is the study of aggregate economic behavior, or the economy as a whole(Madura 103). The main goal of macroeconomics is to determine the impact of consumer spending on total output, employment, and prices.
To fully understand economics as a whole, we must understand that there are limitations set by the available resources that are used to produce goods and services. These resources that are used in the manufacturization of goods and services are called factors of production. Land, labor, capital, and entrepreneurship. Land is the place used to produce the goods. Not only the physical land, but also resources such as oil, air, and water. “Labor refers not only to the number of people on the workforce, but the quality of the workers in the workforce (Mandura 115)”. Capital, the third fac... It seems as though no one has ever succeeded in neatly defining the scope of economics. Merriam-Webster dictionary defines economics as a social science concerned chiefly with description and analysis the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services (Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 2001). Roger Arnold, states in his book “Economics,” writes “Economics is about the choices people and societies have to make. He further states more succinctly, that economics is the science of scarcity. More completely, economics is the science of how individuals and societies deal with the fact that wants are greater than the limited resources available to satisfy those wants (Arnold, 2001).” The economist Alfred Marshall, used to say that economics is “A study of mankind in the ordinary business of life; it examines that part of individual and social action which is most closely connected with the attainment and with the use of the material requisites of wellbeing”—ignoring the fact that sociologists, psychologists, and anthropologists frequently study exactly the same phenomena. Another economist, Lionel Robbins, has more recently defined economics as “The science which studies human behavior as a relationship between given ends and scarce means which have alternative uses.” This definition states that economics is the science of economizing. It captures and points out one of the striking characteristics of the economist'sEconomics; is an important subject to understand the workings of finances. The common definition of economics is the social science that analyzes the production, distribution and consumption of goods. Freakonomics, the title of this book has the reader wondering what this book is about. From the title and even the cover picture it is clear it is not your average text book on economics. Yet, the authors have collected data and analyzed it to come to their conclusions on some unusual hypotheses. The photo on the cover is actually a good visual of the books content, it looks like apple on the outside but is an orange on the inside, signifying there is a hidden side of everything, just as the book subtitle reads. Authors Steven Levitt and Stephen Dubner take on the economics of the day to day situations as their topic for this bestselling book. Steve Levitt in the explanatory note in the beginning of the book is necessary to read to have a better understanding to the author’s purpose for writing the book. They explain...
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