Mahathma Gandhi

Topics: Indira Gandhi, Indian National Congress, Jawaharlal Nehru Pages: 7 (1936 words) Published: June 19, 2013
Indira Gandhi
Famous As: Former Prime Minister of India
Nationality: Indian
Religion: Hindu
Political Ideology: Indian National Congress
Born On: 19 November 1917 AD
Zodiac Sign: Scorpio    Famous Scorpios
Born In: Allahabad
Died On: 31 October 1984 AD
Place Of Death: New Delhi
Father: Jawaharlal Nehru
Mother: Kamala Nehru
Spouse: Feroze Gandhi (m. 1942–1960)
Children: Rajiv Gandhi, Sanjay Gandhi
Education: University of Oxford, Badminton School, Somerville College, Oxford, Visva-Bharati University Works & Achievements: First Woman Prime Minister of India; Lenin Peace Prize (for 1983-1984) Awards: 1971 - Bharat Ratna

- Jawaharlal Nehru Award
- Lenin Peace Prize
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  Indira Gandhi.  3 People do.
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Indira Gandhi was the first woman Prime Minister of India. Political thinkers, even today consider Gandhi as the most controversial Premier of the nation. She was so much interested and inclined towards the national politics that she had decided to stay with Prime Minister father in Delhi. Her husband, Feroze Gandhi stayed back in Allahabad. It was during her period in office, India was enveloped into "a state of emergency". In order to suppress the rising movement for a separate state called "Khalistan" Gandhi ordered the army to launch a manhunt inside the Golden Temple in Amritsar. The event was termed as the "Operation Blue-Star". She was accused of unfair treatment to the Sikhs and the anger was so intensified that on 31 October 1984, she was shot by two of her Sikh bodyguards. Indira Gandhi was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize (for 1983-84). Childhood

Indira Gandhi was born in an aristocratic family of Nehru on 19 November, 1917, in Allahabad. Her father, Jawaharlal Nehru was a lawyer and also leader of the Indian Nationalist Movement. Indira's mother, Kamala, was a religious lady. It was reported that there was a huge difference between the lifestyle of Jawaharlal Nehru and his wife Kamala. The Nehrus, for traditions, followed a more-western and sophisticated lifestyle. This is one of the reasons her mother had nearly-isolated herself from the values of the Nehrus.  

Indira’s Grandfather, Motilal Nehru was a renowned barrister of that period. He was also a prominent member of the Indian National Congress Party. Due to this, lot of noted leaders and party activists would visit the “Nehru House”. Mahatma Gandhi was one of them. Therefore, since childhood, Indira Gandhi had developed an interest in the affairs of country’s politics. Indira Gandhi attended prominent schools including Shantiniketan, Badminton School and Oxford, but she showed no great aptitude for academics, and was detained from obtaining a degree. In 1936, her mother, Kamala Nehru, finally succumbed to tuberculosis after a long struggle. She was eighteen at the time. Jawaharlal Nehru was languishing in the Indian jails that time.  

Marriage Life and Politics
After returning from Oxford University, Indira started participating enthusiastically in the national movement. In 1941, Indira married Feroze Gandhi, a journalist and key member of the Youth Congress. Though Nehru had raised a strong objection to the marriage of his daughter with a Parsi, but could not prevent Indira. In 1944, Indira gave birth to Rajiv Gandhi followed two years later by Sanjay Gandhi. Feroze later became editor of a newspaper of the Indian National Congress Party in Allahabad. Indira and Feroze were happily settled there in Allahabad but things worsened after Indira decided to shift to Delhi, with her father. She moved to Delhi, with two sons, while Feroze Gandhi stayed back  

During the 1951-52 Parliamentary Elections, Feroze Gandhi was asked to contest election from Rae Bareli. He eventually won the elections and moved to Delhi, but opted to live in a separate house. Feroze, with time gained popularity and soon became a prominent face against corruption. His popularity increased, especially after he exposed a major...
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