Lucius Septimius Severus

Topics: Septimius Severus, Roman Empire, Clodius Albinus Pages: 4 (651 words) Published: April 2, 2013

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R.J. Beale/30595827

Rebecca Beale
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Septimius Severus




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Assignment 1/245278

R.J. Beale/30595827

Lucius Septimius Severus (AD 145-211):
Septimius Severus was the first Roman Emperor from Africa. He was born in Leptis Magna which was a Roman city in Libya, in the province of Africa. Severus took power after the death of Commodus in AD 193. He reigned from AD 193 until 211. He started the Severan Dynasty which marked the end of Pax Romana (Roman peace) and the practicing of choosing heirs on merit rather than on lineage.

Septimius Severus advanced through the customary succession under the rule of Marcus Aurelius and Commodus. After the death of Commodus, he removed the emperor Didius Julianus from power and fought his rival applicants Clodius Albinus and Pescennius Niger. He defeated Pescennius Niger at the battle of Issus in Cilicia; he conquered the Kingdom of Osroene province and defeated Albinus three years later at the Battle of Lugdunum in Gaul.

After dominating the western provinces, he waged war against the Parthian Empire and sacked the capital, Ctesiphon in AD 197 and expanded the eastern frontier to the Tigris River which runs through modern day Turkey, Syria and Iraq. Severus also expanded the Roman Empire further.

During the reign of Severus, the Christians were badly persecuted. Though they did not seek out Christians, if people were suspected of being Christian, they were force to renounce Jesus and take part in some kind of sacrifice to appease the Roman gods. Execution was the penalty if not complying and taking part in these offerings to the Roman gods. During his reign, the persecution of Christians took place throughout the Roman Empire and to a large scale in Africa (Tunisia and Libya).

In AD 202 he launched an operation in Africa and several settlements were...
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