LPG, an Alternative Fuel: Effects on the Health and Environment

Topics: Liquefied petroleum gas, Petroleum, Natural gas Pages: 8 (1839 words) Published: August 19, 2013
Effects of LPG as an alternative fuel to your health and the environment in the Philippines

Science, Technology and Society 2

Josel Palaspas

In the Philippines, LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) is mainly used for domestic cooking, heating and lighting. It is used worldwide as a modern, clean, low-carbon energy. This source of energy has made life simpler to help us with our basic needs while people earlier had to rely on wood, charcoal and animal waste to provide as their domestic fuel. As we all know, we see that LPG is being used at home therefore it is not toxic. It is a versatile energy and not only used in the home. It has improved lives economically, environmentally and socially since it is used in the food industry, agriculture, commerce and last but not the last in transportation. LPG displaces diesel as gasoline, it also reduces the air pollution in the roads. There had been claims by the Department of Health (DOH) of the Philippines about the use of LPG as gasoline which results to health problems to the drivers and passengers. Together with the University of the Philippines – National Poison Management and Control Centre (UP – NPMCC), they found a study on health hazards due to exposure to auto-liquefied petroleum gas. The use of LPG is being used as an alternative fuel anyway because it is cheaper but there are uncertainties when it comes to the safety of the people and the environment. Background of the study

This research is to raise awareness on the effects of LPG to our health and the environment, and to know how much people really know about this alternative fuel. It is the most approachable substitute today as the price of gasoline is constantly increasing.

David Tyler, director of World LP Gas Association, have said that they were disappointed in what they heard about people’s concerns with the use of LPG as fuel for transport. He stated in an article that it reduces pollution, which is exactly what gave rise to the very concerns. The World LP Gas Association spent a great amount of effort to encourage governments to implement policies to retreat from traditional polluting fuels such as biomass, kerosene and diesel. They were glad to know about the initiatives in the Philippines to turn away from diesel jeepneys to LPG vehicles. This will result in cleaner air in the cities and make a major contribution in raising the quality of public health and well-being. These points made were very different from what we hear from the local news. They reported that DOH and UP – NPMCC revealed in a study that public utility vehicles drivers who use LPG as an alternative fuel have higher levels of toxic substances in the blood compared to those who were driving vehicles powered with diesel. DOH-NCR toxicologist Dr. Alberto Diaz said these toxic gases can stay in the bloodstream for a long time and affect organs such as the heart, lungs and the brain. With all these said we do not know who to listen to. Everyone seems to be mindful of the position they are in and know very well what they are saying. From the audiences’ perspective, these men with titles sound credible but who do the people listen to. The public of the Philippines especially in Metro Manila are all affected by this because thousands of Filipinos still get to one place from another by public transport which needs the use of fuel, but how much do they really know about the use of LPG as an alternative fuel. Presentation and Analysis of Data

As citizens of the Philippines, we would like to know what other people thought of this issue. We conducted a survey for people from ages eighteen (18) years old and above to participate. The questions below contain some of the possible outcomes of the use of LPG answered by random people to see the percentage in the 80 correspondents if they are willing to risk it depending on the advantages and disadvantages. To help us in our research, this survey form was handed out to them to respond to:...

References: Tyler, David. “Use of LPG as transport fuel.” Philippine Daily Inquirer. 15 November 2011. http://opinion.inquirer.net/17263/use-of-lpg-as-transport-fuel
Dizon, David. “Toxic taxis: Auto LPG leaks pose health hazards.” ABS-CBN News. 18 October 2012. http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/-depth/10/18/12/toxic-taxis-auto-lpg-leaks-pose-health-hazards
Elchico, Alvin. “Taxi group blasts DOH study on auto-LPG.” ABS-CBN News. 18 October 2012. http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/business/10/18/12/taxi-group-blasts-doh-study-auto-lpg
Liquefied Petroleum Gas Industry Association, Inc. Consumer Information. http://www.lpgia.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2&Itemid=6
Philippine Institute of Petroleum. Things you want to know about auto-LPG. http://www.piponlinesite.com/news_auto_lpg.htm
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