Biography of Muhammad
“O Children of Israel! Surely, I am the messenger of Allah to you, verifying that which is before me of the Torah and giving the good news of a Messenger who will come after me whose name will be Ahmed” (Qur'an, 61:6). This was the prophetic announcement of the coming of the Prophet Muhammad by Jesus Christ. Muhammad was able achieve this status as a prominent leader through his ability to unify the Arab nation while in political power and also as a religious leader, led the nation of Islam to the knowledge of the one true God. Muhammad sallallahu ^alayhi wa salam was one of the most prominent leaders in the Islamic nation, not only in a religious aspect but also on a secular one. The Prophet Muhammad was born on August 29, 570 C.E. at Mecca. His birthplace is now designated as the origin of the Islamic religion. Muhammad spent his childhood in an orphanage after the death of his father (Kikim). On the return from a pilgrimage to Medina, Muhammad’s mother died when he was only six years old. He was then raised by his grandfather Abd al Muttalib. At the age of eight, his grandfather was killed by Muhammad’s own uncle Abu Talib (Kikim). Muhammad had a very turbulent childhood characterized by living in various homes, which made him the person he became in his later years. During Muhammad’s adolescent years, there were no laws or order in Arabia. The Arab nation was divided into many different tribes; most people were shepherds and still rooted in old traditions and customs. The predominant religion was the ancient Arab religion, which still consisted of some odd customs and traditions such as animistic practices, female infanticide (the killing of infant girls), and also the worship of hundreds of idols (Fiero, 229). Muhammad had 6 children: four girls and two boys. His first son died in childbirth. Muhammad was not thrilled with lifestyle of the Arabian’s and set out to implement change in the society. This was the mark of his Messianic...
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