Who are the people often labeled with the acronym LGBT? LGBT’s or lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgenders, are members of every race, religion, gender, and ethnicity. But how do we identify them, address their health needs? Unlike ethnicity, race, religion, gender, and income, which are all questions posed on the U.S. Census, neither sexual orientation nor gender identity are listed. (American Community Survey, 2013) According to HealthPeople.gov, this question is included on few state or federal surveys functionally ignoring that LGBT’s are represented in each and every one of these categories. (LGBT Health, 2013) With this in mind it becomes a little more difficult to pin down just whom the people are that make up this vulnerable population. Vulnerable because of their limited access to proper health care and a resultant risk for poor health as a result of their economic status, age, ethnicity, disease process and other factors. (Vulnerable Populations: Who Are They?, 2006)
A first of its kind 2012 Gallup poll will help give a clearer picture. Poll results show 3.5% of the U.S. population identifies as lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT). On a state-by-state basis the distribution of this population doesn’t vary significantly from the national percentage However, states considered to have more liberal views have higher percentages (Washington D.C. 10%, Hawaii 5.1%) where states with more conservative views (North Dakota 1.7%) are identified as having lower percentages. Gallup surveys have also shown the LGBT population to be “disproportionately young, female, and nonwhite” (Gates, G. J., & Newport, F., February 2013) Additionally, those among the LGBT population have less education, lower income, are more likely to be in
a domestic partnership or never married and reside on the east or west coast. (Gates, G. J., & Newport, F., October 2013)
As a vulnerable population the LGBT populace may be slightly more unique than some because the group is...
References: American Community Survey: Questions on the form and why we ask. (2013, May 9).
US Department of Commerce United States Census Bureau
about. Recognizing barriers. Saving lives. (2009, November 23). American Cancer Society. Retrieved from http://www.cancer.org/healthy/findcancerearly/womenshealth/cancer-facts-for-lesbians-and-bisexual-women
for Better Understanding. (2011, March 31). - Institute of Medicine. Retrieved from http://www.iom.edu/Reports/2011/The-Health-of-Lesbian-Gay-Bisexual-and-Transgender-People.aspx
HHS LGBT Issues Coordinating Committee 2012 Report
With Men. (2013, May 13). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/risk/racialethnic/bmsm/facts/index.html
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health
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