Topics: Nazi Germany, Kristallnacht, Antisemitism Pages: 1 (349 words) Published: May 12, 2013
Kristallnacht, a huge nationwide program in Germany and Austria, took place on November 9th 1938. Kristallnacht is translated to night of broken glass, which refers to the broken shop windows of Jewish stores. Kristallnacht was a part of the German Nazis attack towards the Jews. The attack was directed against Jewish businesses and synagogues. A synagogue was a Jewish assembly or congregation meets for religious worship and instruction. About 90 Jews were killed and hundreds were injured. Germany encouraged its people to loot and burn Jewish shops, synagogues, homes, and schools. Around 30,000 Jews, including the wealthy were arrested and taken to concentration camps. The damage Kristallnacht did horrifying. More than 150 synagogues were burned and over 7,000 businesses were destroyed. The major part was the extermination, now known as the Holocaust, which is where Jews were killed. Jews were killed in concentration camps. A concentration camp was a place where a large number of Jews and others were killed. Germany sent shock waves around the world. The Nazis said that there attack was provoked by the assassination of the of the third secretary of the German embassy in Paris. Ernst vom Rath, the third secretary, was shot and killed by a 17 year old Jew named Herschel Grynszpan. Ernst was a German artist and a leader of the Dada movement. He was born in 1891 and died 1976. The Dada movement was a art movement in Europe during the early 20 century. Herschel Grynszpan was executed two years later in 1940 for murder. The death of Ernst vom Rath gave Joseph Goebells an excuse to launch the first major attack on the Jews. A couple months later this all changed with a new a rule. Around 1,000 Jews were now killed in concentration camps instead of 30,000. The only chance for Jews to escape was to have proofed that they were planning to emigrate or if they promised to sell their business. From 1939 to 1945, six million Jews were killed, along with five to six million...
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