Krishna and Diwali

Topics: Diwali, Lakshmi, Krishna Pages: 28 (8315 words) Published: October 28, 2014
Diwali or Divali also known as Deepavali and the "festival of lights", is an ancient Hindu festival celebrated in autumn every year.[5][6] The festival spiritually signifies the victory of light over darkness, knowledge over ignorance, good over evil, and hope over despair.[7][8][9] The festival preparations and rituals typically extend over a five day period, but the main festival night of Diwali coincides with the darkest, new moon night of the Hindu Lunisolar month Kartika. In the Gregorian calendar, Diwali night falls between mid-October and mid-November.

Before Diwali night, people clean, renovate and decorate their homes and offices.[10] On Diwali night, Hindus dress up in new clothes or their best outfit, light up diyas (lamps and candles) inside and outside their home, participate in family puja (prayers) typically to Lakshmi – the goddess of wealth and prosperity. After puja, fireworks follow,[11] then a family feast including mithai (sweets), and an exchange of gifts between family members and close friends. Diwali also marks a major shopping period in nations where it is celebrated.[12]

Diwali is an important festival for Hindus. The name of festive days as well as the rituals of Diwali vary significantly among Hindus, based on the region of India. In many parts of India,[13] the festivities start with Dhanteras, followed by Naraka Chaturdasi on second day, Diwali on the third day, Diwali Padva dedicated to wife–husband relationship on the fourth day, and festivities end with Bhau-beej dedicated to sister–brother bond on the fifth day. Dhanteras usually falls eighteen days after Dussehra.

On the same night that Hindus celebrate Diwali, Jains celebrate a festival of lights to mark the attainment of moksha by Mahavira,[14][15] and Sikhs celebrate Bandi Chhor Divas.[16]

Diwali is an official holiday in India,[17] Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Mauritius, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, Suriname, Malaysia, Singapore, Fiji and Pakistan.

Contents

1 Etymology
2 History
3 Significance
3.1 Spiritual significance
3.2 Religious significance in Hinduism
3.3 Religious significance in Sikhism
3.4 Religious significance in Jainism
4 Description and rituals
5 Regional variations within India
5.1 New Year celebrations
5.2 Melas
5.3 Andhra Pradesh and Telangana
5.4 Goa and Konkan
5.5 Gujarat
5.6 Karnataka
5.7 Kerala
5.8 Maharashtra
5.9 Odisha
5.10 Tamil Nadu
5.11 Uttar Pradesh
5.11.1 Braj region
5.12 West Bengal, Northeast Bihar, Assam
6 In other parts of the world
6.1 Asia
6.1.1 Malaysia
6.1.2 Nepal
6.1.3 Singapore
6.1.4 Sri Lanka
6.2 Beyond Asia
6.2.1 Australia
6.2.2 Caribbean
6.2.3 Fiji
6.2.4 New Zealand
6.2.5 United Kingdom
6.2.6 United States
6.3 Festival of peace
7 Economics of Diwali
8 Issues
8.1 Air pollution
8.2 Burn injuries
9 Diwali greetings and prayers
10 Notes
11 References
12 External links

Etymology
Diwali celebrations
Deepawali-festival.jpg
Indoor Diya decoration on Naraka Chaturdasi night

Diya necklace Dipavali Diwali November 2013.jpg
Outdoor Diya decoration on Diwali night
Aakash Kandils Diwali lighting Pune India 2013.jpg
Diwali lanterns before Dhanteras in Maharashtra

Glowing Swayambhu (3005358416).jpg
A Nepalese temple lighted up for Diwali
Diwali fireworks and lighting celebrations India 2012.jpg
Official Bandi Chhor Divas celebrations in Amritsar

Fireworks Diwali Chennai India November 2013 b.jpg
Diwali night fireworks over a city
Ganga At Nibi Gaharwar.jpg
Rural celebrations – floating Diya over river Ganges

Sweets Mithai for Diwali and other Festivals of India.jpg
Diwali Mithai...

References:
Glowing Swayambhu (3005358416).jpg
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