Topics: Sikh, Sikhism, Guru Gobind Singh Pages: 7 (2447 words) Published: August 9, 2010
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Hindi • Punjabi Indo-Aryan peoples • Mohyal • Aroras • Jats/Jatts • Bhatia • Saini • Ramgarhias • Kamboj • Gujjar • Rajput • Lohana Khatri (Punjabi: ਖੱਤਰੀ, Hindi: खत्री) is the Punjabi adaptation of Sanskrit or Pali word Kshatriya (Hindi: क्षत्रिय, Kşhatriya). . The Khatri community traces its origins to the Taxila, Potohar and Majha regions of the Punjab. These regions are historically connected with the composition of the Vedas, the Mahabharata, Ramayana and Puranas as well as more modern religious texts such as the Guru Granth Sahib. Historically, Khatris were found throughout the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent, although there had been some migration to northern and eastern India a few centuries ago. However, after the partition of India, Khatris migrated from Punjab, Pakistan to Punjab, India. They are also found in several other north Indian states, particularly Chandigarh, Haryana, Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh and Delhi.

Well integrated into India, from historical times to modern times, the Khatris have played a significant role in the Indian economy, as businessmen, civil and government administrators, landlords and military officials/generals. Khatris, along with other Punjabi tribes like, historically bore the brunt of all invasions into India. These warrior tribes mostly comprise Hindus. Census of India, 1901. In Pakistan there are significant Muslim communities with a Khatri background who have preserved their unique identity. Hindu and Sikh Khatris have had a historic presence in Afghanistan (Kabul, Herat) where they have been involved mostly in the mercantile business, although they have also served as administrators in the past. Khatris have a significant role in shaping the Punjabi culture.

All throughout their history Punjab has been their homeland. The Khatris are a prominent Indian community originally from the Potohar and Majha region of north-western Indian subcontinent, now largely in Punjab in Pakistan. This region is of considerable historical significance in the development of the Indian culture since the composition of the Vedas and classics like the Mahabharata, Ramayana and Puranas. Khatris, Ramgarhias, Jats, Gujjars, Rajputs and Kambojs people claim usually Caucasian, Central Asian, Eastern European ancestry. According to Ramayana. The region was ruled by Hindu kings until 1013 AD. King Bhimapala .

The Khatris, along with Aroras and Lohanas engaged in trade in Central Asia. The Hindu temples of Kabul and the Hindu Fire Temple of Baku built and maintained by them still exist. Khatris are now present in all the states of India, although the major concentration remains in Punjab and Delhi region. Khatris, along with the Aroras, are collectively of Aryan origin. Khatris have an extensive military tradition and have excelled in the Armed Forces having received many honors and gallantary awards for their service. Within the Indian Armed Forces (Bharatiya Thalsena) the former Chief of Indian Army Staff, General Deepak Kapoor is Khatri and he took charge from another Khatri, General Joginder Jaswant Singh Marwah who took charge from another Khatri, General Nirmal Chander Vij. One of the most important characters of famous Punjabi legend Raja Rasalu is minister Mahita Chopra, Many prominent historical figures have emerged from the Khatri.

All ten Sikh Gurus were Khatri. The four gots of Sikh gurus existed at least since 15th century AD Sangam Rai Kapoor, was the founder of the house of Maharajas of Burdwan, founded in 1657. The family continued as rulers of Burdwan until feudal estates were abolished by the government of India in 1955/56. Raja Fateh Chand was a Maini Khatri chieftain of Bihar who served Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji with dedication during his visit in 1665. Raja Fateh Chand and his wife converted their house into a dharamsala for the sangat or devotees to assemble in holy congregation. The place came to be known as Maini...
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