Modern civilization has become so complicated & sophisticated that one has to be competitive enough to survive. This compells people to keep themselves informed of all types of happenings in the society. And IT is an important field, awarness of which is a must, otherwise we would lag far behind the developed nations of the world.
Now-a-days, if we have to reserve a seat in a railway compartment we need not go to railway booking counter, we can do this just through the internet by E-reservation system. Similarly , if we have to send message to anyone, instead of sending a conventional letter, we can send an E-mail. telephones & mobile phones are so commonly being used by us that it has become difficult now to imagine life without them. All these, I feel, is enough for to realize that IT has entered into our day-to-day life.
INDUCTION OF IT IN INDIA.
Today, India is well known globally for its deep rooted knowledge in the field of IT. It has a highly reputed work force in the IT industry which is in high demand all over the world. In 1992, when the government tried to introduce IT in india, huge public protest were carried out because people thought that it would increase unemployment which was already at a very high rate at that time. But it proved to be much more advantageous. Its benefit can be best summarised under the following heads.
ADVANTAGES OF IT
Computer is the backbone of IT. Whether it is the banking sector, post office, small & large scale industries, defence, aeronautics, space research, boi-tecjnology, meteorology department or business process out sourcing, computer has become an esssential part of every field for storing huge amount of data in its hard disk. The vast data was previously kept in files, and handling of such files was another difficult task because with the passage of time, there was a danger of records being spoiled. But computers have helped us to secure our data & retrieve it quickly & easily rather than search dust racked files.
Internet, common known as world-wideweb, is another important application of IT internet has some very useful applications in our day-to-day life. Whether we have to undergo a minor surgery, take admission in a foreign institution, collect geographical information of any region, check the results of any examinations, transfer money from one bank account to another, send an e-mail, want to have chat with anybody in any corner of the world or want to search for the life partner of our choice, the internet is the fastatest & cheapest way to do so. There are many search engines in the internet like "Yahoo search" & "Google search" which help us search information which we need.
Mobile phones came ti India in around 1992. At the time, the rate for an incoming call was Rs 16/min. Where as for an outgoing call it was Rs 32/min. But with cut throat competition in the mobile communication market among different companies, tariff rates fell down speedily. Now cell phone industry in Imdia is among the fastest growing industries with thousands of customers adding to it everyday. We can see a mobile phone in hands of the people ranging from a CEO to a lower division clerk & from a big businessman to a labourer or hawker.