lHow Muslims legal experts used Qur’an, Sunnah, Ijma and Qiyas to interprete holy Qur’an? (30 Mks) "Invite all to the way of thy Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching; And consult with them in ways that are best and most gracious." (Al Qur'an, 16:125) Muslims believe the Qur’an to be the direct words of Allah, as revealed to and transmitted by the prophet (S.A.W). All sources of Islamic law must be essential agreement with the Quran, the most fundamental source of Islamic knowledge. When the Qur’an itself does not speak directly or in detail about certain subject, Muslims only then turn to alternative sources of Islamic law like ; the Sunnah, Ijma and Qiyas used by Muslims legal experts. Purpose of the Qur’an:
"Had we sent down this Qur’an on a mountain, verily thou wouldst have seen it humble itself and cleave asunder for fear of Allah. Such are the similitude’s which We propound to men, that they may reflect." LIX:21 "O mankind! There hath come to you a direction from your Lord and a Healing for the (diseases) in your hearts. And a Guidance and Mercy for those who believe." X:57 "And We reveal from the Qur’an that which is a Healing and a Mercy to the believers. And It adds only to the perdition of the unjust." XVIL: 82 "And We have not revealed to you the Book except that you may make clear to them, that about which they differ, and (A.S.) a Guidance and a Mercy for a people who believe." XVI: 64 "These are ayat of the Book that make (things) clear (mubin)." XXVI: 2 These are only a few examples of how Allah the Exalted sees the benefits of this Munificent Book. Only from the observation of these four ayat can one realize that the Great Qur'an can subdue arrogance to humility, and can be a source of food for thought and reflection this very important point has been repeated throughout the Glorious Qur'an it is the fountain of Blessing, Mercy and Healing for the heart, it is a Book of Guidance for all peoples and for all times, and finally, the criterion that distinguishes right from wrong. Other similarayat cast more light on the use of this Unique Book, but we should be content at this level. All these magnificent benefits are for those who wish to be guided. For those who insist on prejudice and arrogance regarding the wahy of Allah the Exalted, this Holy Book can cause nothing but perdition.
"And whatever the Messenger gives you, take it, and whatever he forbids you, leave it. And fear Allah: truly Allah is severe in punishment. " [Qur'an 59:7] Sunnah is the traditions or known practices of the prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) many of which has been recorded in the volumes of hadith literature. The resources include many things that he said, did, or agreed to and he lived his life according to the Qur’an , putting the Qur’an into practice in his own life. During his lifetime, the prophets (s.aw) family and companions observed him and shared with others exactly what they had seen his words and behaviors - i.e. how he performed ablutions, how he prayed, and how he performed many acts of worship. People also asked the Prophet directly for ruling on various matters, and he would pronounce his judgement. All of these details were passed and recorded, to be referred to in future legal things. Many issues concerning personal conduct, community and family relations, political mattes ect, were addressed during the same time of the Prophet, decided by him and recorded. The sunnah can thus clarify details of what is stated generally in the Qur’an. In Islam, the Arabic word sunnah has come to denote the way Prophet Muhammad (s.a,w), the Messenger of Allah, lived his life. The Sunnah is the second source of Islamic jurisprudence, the first being the Qur'an. Both sources are indispensable; one cannot practice Islam without consulting both of them. The Arabic word hadith (pl. ahadith) is very similar to Sunnah, but not identical. A hadith is a narration about the life of the Prophet (s.a.w) or what he approved - as...
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