The two most populous religious belief systems in the world today are Christianity and Islam; however they are in constant conflict with each other. The problems exhibited by each religion toward the other have their beginnings in Ancient times when Christianity had finally reached a large part of civilization, while Islam sprouted up almost overnight. There are many differences in the historical context as well as belief systems of both religions, which lead to their constant disputes. The statement, "Islam and Christianity have similar origins and spread in a similar fashion," is inaccurate, and the differences of origin and spread of these religions, as well as other factors, have lead to the clashing of the two most popular religions in the world.
Christianity was the first of the two dominant religions to arrive and was brought about by the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth in Ancient Roman times. Judaism was the dominant religion at the time, but there was much bickering over how the Savior would come. Jesus of Nazareth replaced the common teachings of the 10 Commandments with the Golden Rule; treat others as you yourself would want to be treated. Jesus was crucified in 30 CE with a small but passionate following (Burton 552). Paul of Tarsus was one of Jesus ' persecutors at the time, but eventually became a follower of the teachings of Jesus. He coined the term Christianity ' and was a vital part of the writings of the New Testament, where Jesus was the Messiah.
Despite the passionate following that Christianity exhibited, there were major conflicts with Rome. Christianity was a culture shock to the Romans as their belief system included many gods of mythological creation, while Christianity was monotheistic. There were many misunderstandings between the two worlds, as emperors blamed all the misfortunes on the Christians (such as Nero blaming the Great Fire of 64 on them), giving the religion a bad public image and
Cited: Burton, Ernest D. "Jesus of Nazareth: How He Thought, Lived, Worked, and Achieved." The Biblical World. 53.5 (1919): 547-554. Jstor. Katsh, Abraham I. "Judaism and Islam." Journal of Educational Sociology. 36.8 (1963): 400-406. Jstor. Meyendorff, John. "Byzantine Views of Islam." Dumbarton Oaks Papers. 18 (1964): 113-132. Jstor. Munro, Dana C. "The Popes and the Crusades." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society. 55.5 (1916): 348-356. Jstor. Peri, Oded. "Islamic Law and Christian Holy Sites: Jerusalem and its Vicinity in early Ottoman Times." Islamic Law and Society. 6.1 (1999): 97-111. Jstor.