Isabelo De Los Reyes

Topics: Philippines, Trade union, Philippine Independent Church Pages: 8 (2427 words) Published: February 16, 2015

Si Isabelo delos Reyes ay kabilang sa tatlong panahon ng Panitikang Tagalog sa Panahon ng Propaganda, Panahon ng Himagsikan at Panahon ng mga Amerikano.Tinagurian din siyang Ama ng Sosyalismo sa Pilipinas at Ama ng mga Iloko. Siya ay isang mamamahayag, manunulat, manananggol at pinuno ng mga manggagawa. Siya ang nagtatag ng Iglesia Filipina Independiente. ­­­­ Ang ilan pa sa kanyang mga naisulat ay Las Islas Bisayas en la Epoca de la Conquista, Historia de Ilocos , La Il Sensacional Memoria Sobre La Revolucion Filipina,Ang Singsing ng Dalagang Marmol at iba pa. Anak siya ni Elias delos Reyes at ni Leona Florentino, ang unang makatang babae ng Ilocos Sur.

Isabelo de los Reyes, Sr. July 7,  1864, Vigan, Ilocos SurIsabelo de los Reyes was born on July 7, 1864 in Vigan, Ilocos Sur to Elias de los Reyes and Leona Florentino, a well known poetess of the Philippines. At the age six, the young Beluce (his nickname then) was committed by his father to the care of a rich relative, Don Mena Crisologo. As a boy, he studied at the Vigan Seminary, where he began to hate the friars because of their maltreatment of the students that led them to strike. In June 1880, at 16, he went to Manila and enrolled as a self-supporting student at the San Juan de Letran College where he obtained the grades of sobresaliente in all subjects when he graduated with the Bachelor of Arts Degree. He later studied law in the University of Santo Tomas, and registered for courses in paleography, history and anthropology. He was flexing the universality of his interests. He became a notary at the age of 22. As the legal age to practice law was 25, he turned his attention towards journalism. His first article dealt with the “Invasion of Limahong”, which appeared in the Diario de Manila in November 1882. Then he founded the first vernacular paper, El Ilocano. He published the prize winning books, the Historia de Ilocos, Folklore Filipino and also Las Islas Visayas en la epoca de la Conquista: He edited books and leaflets, contributed articles to various Spanish periodicals, wrote articles criticizing the Spanish maladministration in the Philippines, and openly attacked the religious and Spanish writers. On June 14, 1884, he married Josefa Sevilla, a Filipina beauty of Malabon. As he had a growing family to support, he engaged in business, but never prospered. He then returned to journalism and literature. Because of his stirring and pungent articles against the friars, he was regarded as a dangerous enemy. Accused of complicity in the Revolution of 1896, he was arrested and jailed in the Bilibid Prison on February 13, 1897. While he was in prison, his wife died. He was permitted to attend his wife’s funeral and share the bereavement with his six children. Inside the Bilibid Prison, he wrote his Sensecional Memoria and addressed it to the Governor pointing out that the friars were the ones who sowed the seeds of rebellion against colonial government in the Philippines. This document provoked discussion in the islands especially in Spain so much so that it caused his deportation to Spain, where he was incarcerated at the Montjuich Castle in Barcelona. In accordance with the terms of the Pact of Biak na Bato on December 14-15, 1897, he was released. As an indication of the high regard for him, he was appointed Consejo del Ministerio de Ultramar in the Spanish Cabinet in 1898-1901. While working as consejero (counselor) he fell in love with Señorita Maria Angeles Lopez Montero and married her on Christmas Eve on 1898. His marriage to this Spanish girl and his having a good job in the Spanish government did not, however, diminish Don Belong’s love for his native land, so that in 1899 he published La Sensecional Memoria sobre la Revolucion Filipina in Madrid. While abroad, he was commissioned by the Filipino Ecclesiastical Assembly to negotiate with the Pope to secularize the Filipino clergy. The rejection of the appeal compelled him to resume his anti-friar...
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