Information Processing Theory
Professor Debra Elliott
The information processing theory gives us a glance or an idea of the way people learn. It looks at the ways our mind processes any incoming information, and how it is processed and moved first into working memory and then into long-term memory. This theory also describes the way each of these component parts and the system linking them improves with time. Strong inclusion of the information processing theory can lead to more effective ways of teaching, which will result in children becoming better at retaining and processing information. They also learn to integrate it into their knowledge base so it can be reused in the future more effectively. The information processing theory was developed to help social learning theorists and others understand how humans learn and solve problems. When applying information processing theory to child development, researchers examine how the mental processes mature to explain changes in problem-solving behavior, decision-making, information gathering and storage, and other cognitive processes.
Some of the most basic parts of the information processing theory is the way our minds absorb, process, and holds any information. This process consists of three basic parts and a central executive that controls the information flow among those three basic parts. The three parts are the sensory register, working memory, and long-term memory. It is believed that the sensory register holds raw sensory data for very brief periods. This means that it gathers almost all the raw data from the different senses like sight, hearing, taste, touch, and smell. The amount of the information it gathers explains why the register only holds it for such a brief period, and its existence is also explained by the amount of information. Even the smallest, easiest event is not recorded completely and the brain needs to take some time to strip down the...
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