Indian Geography

Topics: India, Western Ghats, Madhya Pradesh Pages: 96 (25262 words) Published: August 31, 2013

Indian and World Geography | Indian Geography
Geographical Location of India
Indian Geographical Location • • Lying between latitude 4′ N to 37° N and from longitude 68°7′ E to 97° E, the country is divided into almost 6′ 25′ equal parts by the Tropic of Cancer (passes from Jabalpur in MP). The southernmost point in Indian Territory, (in Great Nicobar Island) is the Indira Point (6° 45′), while Kanyakumari, also known as Cape Comorin, is the southernmost point of Indian mainland. The country thus lies wholly in the northern and eastern hemispheres. The 82° E longitude is taken as the Standard Time Meridian of India, as it passes through the middle of India 30′ (from Naini, near Allahabad).

Indian and World Geography
[A complete book for competitors]
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Area Geography & Boundaries Geography 1. India stretches 3,214 km from North to South & 2,933 km from East to West. 2. Geography Area of India : 32,87,263 sq. km. Accounts for 2.4% of the total world area and

roughly 16% of the world population.
3. Mainland India has a coastline of 6,100 km. Including the Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar Islands, the coastline measures about 7516.6 km. 4. In India, of the total land mass: • Plains Geography: 43.3% • Plateaus: 27.7% • Hills: 18.6% • Mountains Geography: 10.7% 5. In the South, on the eastern side, the Gulf of Mannar & the Palk Strait separate India from Sri Lanka. 6. Total land neighbours: 7 (Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar). 7. India’s Islands include the Andaman & Nicobar Islands in Bay of Bengal and Lakshadweep, Minicoy & Amindive Islands in the Arabian Sea.

By – D.S. Rajput

Physiography of India
Indian Physiography Physiographically, India can be divided into 3 units: 1. Mountains in the North 2. Plains in the Northern India & the Coast 3. Plateau region of the South To these can be added the fourth, namely, the coasts and islands Mountains in North India

{This book is very usefull for those competitors who appearing in the Civil Services, State PSCs, Bank PO, SSC Exams, NDA, CDS, Railway, and others oneday exams.}

The Himalayas in India


Indian and World Geography | Means ‘Abode of Snow’. They are one of the youngest fold mountain ranges in the world and comprise mainly sedimentary rocks. They stretch from the Indus River in the west to the Brahmaputra River in the east. Total length is about 5000 km. The width of the Himalayas varies from 500 km in Kashmir to 200 km in Arunachal Pradesh. Their average height is 2000m. The Eastern Himalayas-made up of Patkai Hills, Naga Hills, Mizo Hills and the Garo, Khasi and Jaintia Hills-are also known as Purvanchal. The Pamir, popularly known as the Roof of the World, is the connecting link between the Himalayas and the high ranges of Central Asia. Can be divided into 3 parallel or longitudinal zones, each with separate features.


Indian and World Geography | Trans – Himalayan Zone • This range lies to the north of the Great Himalayas. It has some important ranges like Karakoram, Laddakh, Zanskar, etc. the highest peak in this region is K2 or Godwin Austin (8611m, in Pak occupied Kashmir). Other high peaks are Hidden Peak (8068 m), Broad Peak (8047 m) and Gasherbrum II (8035 m). The longest glacier is Siachin in the Nubra valley, which is more than 72 km long (biggest glacier in the world). Biafo, Baltaro, Batura, Hispar are the other important glaciers in this region. This area is the largest snow-field outside the Polar Regions.

Peninsular Mountains • The Great Himalayas or The Himadri • • Average elevation extends upto 6000m & some of the world’s highest peaks are here : Mt Everest (or Sagarmatha or Chomo Langma) Mt Kanchenjunqa Mt Makalu Mt...
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