Importance of Resentment over the Treaty of Versailles in the Rise of the Nazis in Germany

Topics: Adolf Hitler, Nazi Germany, Weimar Republic Pages: 5 (1923 words) Published: March 31, 2014
How important was resentment over the treaty of Versailles in explaining the rise to power by the Nazis in Germany 1919 - 1933 There is a general agreement among historians that several factors contributed to Hitler’s rise to power in Germany by 1933. However, there is debate over which, if any, was the most important factor. Some argue that the Treaty of Versailles was the most significant due to the fact that it was associated with defeat and was discrediting the Republican government who singed it. The treaty was also blamed for causing economic and political instability during this period in question. However, as well as the above, it is necessary to consider the weaknesses in the Republican constitution which were exploited by groups like the Nazis. Furthermore, the part played by Hitler himself and the methods he employed to discredit and destroy the democracy also need to be considered when answering this question. It was easy for nationalists and right wing Kiser men to blame all of Germanys problems on the Republic as the Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 1919 and was forced on Germany, it was undoubtedly one of the main reasons for the Nazis rise to power and nationalists like Hitler and German newspapers discredited them for bringing shame on Germany, claimed that the November criminals had stabbed the heroic Germany army in the back and called for vengeance, however they chose to ignore the fact that they had no negotiation in the main terms of the peace treaty which was responsibility for the war, reparations of 6 million marks, disarmament even though no other main power did and the loss of Alsace and Lorraine. This was considered too harsh a treaty by most people especially as the land lost by Germany was rich of resources. This made it very easy for right wing Kiser men and nationalists to blame the Republic again for all of Germany’s economic problems especially after the treaty of Rapollo. The French and Belgium felt threatened by this in fear of German expansion and invaded her richest industrial area the Ruhr and appealed by saying Germany had fell behind on her reparation payments. The German Republic encouraged the workers to go on strike even though the Ruhr provided 85% of Germany’s coal. The Republic began to print and borrow more money to pay off the reparations which soon led to inflation, then to hyperinflation in 1923. The Weimar Republic enjoyed a brief period of prosperity however Germany soon suffered from hyperinflation as she became an economic madhouse and the crisis got out of hand, many however gained from the hyperinflation crisis such as people in debt as they could pay it off easily due to the fact that the mark was now just about worthless. The middle class suffered greatly in the hyperinflation crisis as their life savings were now worthless along with pensioners who sacrificed for a lifetime and denying themselves to save for their retirement. They were longing for the good old days and a strong leader was intensified, democracy appeared to be failing however Gustav Stresemann slowly gave the German people faith after the hyperinflation crisis and there was nothing Hitler and the Nazi party could do due to the failure of the Munich Putsch. Hitler was imprisoned for 9 months after he tried to lead a violent revolution through the streets of Munich in which he was unsuccessful however the Munch Putsch wasn’t a complete failure as it was in prison where Hitler published his book Mein Kampf which raised awareness of the Nazi party and stressed his political ideas, also valuable lessons were learned such as Hitler realised that he could no gain power through violence and had to do it legally as he said very famously ‘we much hold our noses and enter the Reich’. Gustav Stresemann slowly began to bring prosperity back to Germany by introducing a new currency, the rentenmark. Reparations were slowed down to an easier schedule of payments, The Dose Plan which were cheap loans from...
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