The Importance of the Modern Era of Political Philosophy

Good Essays
The Modern Era

The Modern Era of political philosophy is best characterized as a revolt against the traditional constraints of the time. Machiavelli believed that politics should be separate and distinct from ethics, morality, and religion. Protestant reformers such as Luther and Calvin went head to head with the Catholic Church, paving the way for religious individualism and incorporating various political revisions. Hobbes called for a major overhaul in England concerning not only political and religious issues, but social and economic ones as well. As modern philosophers began to voice their opinions, Central, Southern, and Western Europe began to change drastically--changes that would affect the direction of Western political thought forever.

Niccolo Machiavelli, born in Florence, Italy in 1469, was the first political philosopher to recognize the importance and potential of the nation-state, an idea he shared with the world. This idea was shared primarily through Machiavelli's most notable works: The Prince and Discourses on the First Ten Books of Titus Livius. The Prince was dedicated to the new Medici (the ruling family in Florence at the time) ruler, Lorenzo; some modern interpreters have viewed the work primarily as a plea for forgiveness, as Machiavelli wanted his civil service job back after being suspected of treason. As indicated in his two major works, Machiavelli had two distinct goals: the desire to return to active government service and the promotion of stability and freedom from foreign control, secular or religious, for all of Italy.

Martin Luther's (1483-1546) discrepancies with the Catholic Church began early in his career when he attacked the sale of indulgences and also came to the conclusion that human nature is wretched and sinful. He also criticized the pope's absolutism and the church hierarchy. When Luther finally poured his heart out onto paper in 1517, the result was his "Disputation on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences,"

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Powerful Essays

    Modern Philosophy

    • 3941 Words
    • 16 Pages

    Philosophy is a study that includes various diverse subfields such as aesthetics, epistemology, ethics, logic, and metaphysics. Various philosophical traditions use different methods and include different topics in their study. Some, for example, include politics, physics, or religion. The fundamental method of philosophy involves the systematic use of critical reasoning to evaluate arguments in defence of assertions of belief or opinion. The term philosophy comes from the Greek word "Φιλοσοφία"…

    • 3941 Words
    • 16 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Political Philosophy

    • 2541 Words
    • 11 Pages

    is the first Muslim philosopher to have left political writings, either in the form of commentaries or in treaties of his own based upon Plato. Al-Farabi’s works was preserved from ravages of time contain five on politics as under: 1. A Summary of Plato’s Laws 2. Siyasatu’l-Madaniyah 3. Ara’u ahli’l-Madinatu’l-Fadilah 4. Jawami’u’s-Siyasat 5. Ijtima’atu’l-Madaniyah Contribution of Al-Farabi to Islamic Political Thought “In pure philosophy, Farabi became as famous as any philosopher…

    • 2541 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Political Philosophy

    • 459 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Is the Realist argument that a hegemon is necessary to maintain stability in the international system correct? Almost in every period of the world history, a strong political actor has appeared that shaped the entire international system, power balance and moral principles according to their own values and principles. After the Second World War US became the most powerful state in the world and established its hegemony on the big part of the world. After the Cold War, United States was maintaining…

    • 459 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    The Importance of Philosophy or “Why Should I Take Philosophy?” Dave Yount, Ph.D. Once someone who does not know me well comes to find out that I am a philosopher, the next question that he or she inevitably asks is, “What can you do with philosophy besides teach?” My answer is and has been, “You can think, and hopefully better.” Part of philosophy is critical thinking, which is the ability to question your (or anyone else’s) assumptions, discover and hopefully articulate good reasons for your position…

    • 2114 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Media in the Modern Era

    • 2535 Words
    • 11 Pages

    Assignment Of Functional English (MEDIA and PAKISTAN) Submitted to MR. Dilawar Qureshi By : Awais Ismail Soomro (MBA-17) Dated : 08-02-2013 MEDIA IN MODERN ERA Outlines: 1. Rising Power of Media and the Modern World. 2. Importance and influence of Media 3. Role which media is playing and which should played. 4. Power of Media in Pakistan 5. Impact of media over Pakistani culture, society and Politics 6. Pakistani Media in its youth…

    • 2535 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    The modern era was a time of nationalism as countries were beginning to expand their territories. During 18th and 19th centuries, nationalism in North America and Europe began to increase due to various episodes of political unrest and turmoil. The colonists in North America united to gain independence from England, while countries in Europe sought to overthrow their existing monarchies. The seeds of American nationalism were planted during the French-Indian war, where the colonists initially joined…

    • 912 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Individualism is the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes "the moral worth of the individual". Individualists promote the exercise of one's goals and desires and so value independence and self-reliance and advocate that interests of the individual should achieve precedence over the state or a social group, while opposing external interference upon one's own interests by society or institutions such as the government. Individualism makes the individual…

    • 1438 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Gandhigiri in Modern Era

    • 608 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Ghandigiri in Modern Era Chedi Lal, a retired clerk of food and civil supplies department of Uttar Pradesh government, stripped down to his underwear in front of an office staff of same department. He put all his cloths, ring, purse and other belongings on the table of the concerned officer and told him “that’s all I have to offer, if you want brass utensils then come to my house and take it away”. Chedi Lal was annoyed because that staff demanded a bribe of Rs. 15000 to revise his pension.…

    • 608 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    DEGREE: B.Sc Political Science and Economics LECTURER: Dr. Tennyson Joseph DATE: 22ND November 2013. Identify and discuss the central themes of Gordon Lewis’ Main Currents in Caribbean Thought, Paget Henry’s Caliban’s Reason, Rex Nettleford’s “The Battle for Space” and Charles W. Mill’s Blackness Visible and explain the manner in which these works assist in your understanding of the characteristic features, concerns and content of Caribbean political thought? ABSTRACT Western Political Philosophy…

    • 3915 Words
    • 16 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Best Essays

    Modern Political Thought

    • 10530 Words
    • 43 Pages

    School of Politics and International Relations Modern Political Thought II POL206 2012-13 Module Convenor: Dr Madeleine Davis Email: m.j.davis@qmul.ac.uk Office hours: Semester 1 Thursday 2-3pm, Friday 11-12am, Semester 2 Thursday 23pm, Friday 1-2pm. Office location: Arts One, Room 2.28b Timetable: Lectures: Thursdays at 10 am Seminars: Thursdays (see QM+ and School notice board for details) 1 1. Welcome from the convenor This module handbook provides you with essential information.…

    • 10530 Words
    • 43 Pages
    Best Essays