MR. NOEL F. PEREZ
This thesis would not have been possible without the guidance and the help of several individuals who in one way or another contributed and extended their valuable assistance in the preparation and completion of this study.
First and foremost, our deepest gratitude to Mr. Noel F. Perez, our English Teacher for his patience and steadfast encouragement to complete this study as we hurdle all the obstacles in the completion this research work.
Mrs. Sheila Veleña, our former Science Teacher for her unfailing support and insights she has shared;
Mr. Virgilio Estacio, Technology Livelihood Education (T.L.E) Teacher for giving his time to share valuable insights about this study despite of his busy schedule;
Mr. Edwin Cruz, Social Studies Teacher for giving his moral support in finishing this study;
Mr. Piolo Martin Moreno, SSG-President; Mr. Roby Canare, YES-O President; and Mr. Keinth Joseph Cantor, RCY President ; for giving their considerable time to be one of our respondents in our thesis survey despite of their hectic schedule;
Our classmates and fellow students in every year level for their support and great time especially when we conducted the survey;
Our family for their assistance and giving their full support which serves as an inspiration to finish this study;
Last but not the least, the almighty God, for giving us the strength and confidence to finish this study and answering our prayers, thank you so much Dear Lord.
We dedicate this dissertation to our:
English teacher , Mr. Noel F. Perez for instilling the importance of this study; Classmates for giving their full support;
Fellow students which serves as an inspiration to finish this study; School organizations for appreciating their work and participation in school’s improvement and student’s achievement.
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
Acknowledgement -------------------------------------- vi
Dedication ------------------------------------------------- vii
Chapter I: Introduction ---------------------------------- pp.1-4
1.1. Background of the Study - - - - - - - - - - pp.1
1.2. Statement of the Problems - - - - - - - - pp. 2
1.3. Significance of the Study - - - - - - - - - - pp. 3
1.4. Scope and Delimitation - - - - - - - - - - - pp. 4
Chapter II: Review of Related Literature
and Studies --------------------------- pp.4-10
2.1. Review of Related Literature - - - - - - pp.4
2.2. Definition of Terms Used - - - - - - - - - pp.8
Chapter III: Research Design --------------------------pp.10-12
3.1. Overview - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - pp.10
3.2. Method of Research - - - - - - -- - - - - - pp.11
3.3. Source of Data - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - pp.11 3.4. Data Gathering Instruments - - - - - - - pp.11
3.5. Data Gathering Procedure - - - - - - - - pp.12
Chapter IV: Presentation, Analysis,
and Interpretation --------------------- pp.12-17
4.1. Table - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - pp.13 4.2. Analysis of Table - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - pp.14 4.3. Analysis of Graph - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - pp.15
4.4. Analysis of Chart - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - pp.16 4.5. Interpretation - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - pp.17 4.6. Conclusion - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - pp.17
Reference -------------------------------------------------- viii
“Organizations lead to school’s progress and a key to student’s success.”
A school as institution for learning adopts a systematic approach in the implementation of its academic programs and policies. In visualizing of the school’s approach in its implementing rule, it undergoes steps that need a division of task that are assigned to personnel accordingly.
With this pattern of schools procedure of implementation, the concept of organization is well applied, tasking is well distributed whereby the load of work is lessened and an accomplishment is done on time. Since there is a division of task in an organized work manner, the outcome will be in a mere of perfection. With this manner of school’s approach in the implementation of whatever task due through the concept of a coordinated functioning, progress in any form is easily achieved. All personnel perform to their assigned task accordingly and met the work schedule on time.
Students are also given an opportunity to explore deeper knowledge aside from academic. Organizational involvement among students serve to them as an early preparation to assume obligation to a group and learn to give importance to discipline and proper manner of dealing to other people. Skills in different form trainings are attained which are beneficial for them for future endeavor. Success on the part of students aim to any goal can be easily attained if guided accordingly by principle of organizational concept.
There are different organizations that exist in every school. In the case of Gen. Licerio Geronimo Memorial National High School (G.L.G.M.N.H.S.) there are three major organizations that exist: The Supreme Student Government (SSG), Youth for Environment School Organization (YES-O), and Red Cross Youth (RCY). SSG is the uppermost organization which leads every organization to work their assigned task properly and effectively. They also manage school programs. YES-O maintains the cleanliness and orderliness of school facilities. RCY advocates the humanitarian values and character building of every student. 1
Existence of a school organization in any academic institution tend to the easy and fast implementation of whatever programs and policy that is necessary to the school. Teachers and other school personnel perform task accordingly beyond the time frame of work schedule. Students learned to give importance to discipline and proper manner of dealing with others.
School organizations serve as an implementing area to whatever programs and policy that the institution shall implement. The principle of the organization shall uphold the policy of the school to enlighten the minds of the students to gain more knowledge aside from academic. Teachers learn more to improve teaching skills and work habit. Continuous learning among faculties were established as years comes along through organizational consciousness. Students are challenge to trainings aside from classroom academic discussions.
Organizations help school and other academic institution in achieving progress through administrative management. Faculties are boost and harness to work systematically as well as students are trained to develop skills aside from academic lessons.
1.2. Statement of the Problem:
The study intends to find out the importance and effectiveness of school organizations in Gen. Licerio Geronimo Memorial National High School (G.L.G.M.N.H.S.). Specifically, the study seeks to: Tell the importance of School organization
Find out the effectiveness of School organization
Know the different kinds of organization that exist in G.L.G.M.N.H.S.
1.3. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY:
School Organization is a group of individual students having the same objectives. They aim to promote a better school environment for every students and personnel of the school. To maintain the orderliness and neatness inside and out of the class, to build good relationship between students and teachers, to promote good leadership in 2
each students, to be the school’s assistant in every aspect and to be a good role model to their co-students is their main goal. It is their duty to do their job properly. Building Organizations would be a lot of help for a school. On the other hand, being in an organization carries a lot of responsibilities too. Being careful on every decision and actions to be done should be observed also. Their effectiveness lies on how they response on their duties. These thesis entitled “The Importance and Effectiveness of School Organization in Gen. Licerio Geronimo Memorial National High School” has been done by the use of a survey. Providing questionnaires to students and teachers who are willing to help and making a sum-up of the taken data. This method helps the researcher to support the thesis conclusion.
1.3. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY:
This study is made to inform the readers about the importance of each organization and how effective they are in our school. The information we provided was necessary to every student, teachers and members of an organization. It is for them to understand that having an Organization in school is helpful and an advantage.
For a Member of an Organization
Support, Encouragement and Understanding from your co-students, teachers and family is a big factor. But how could they understand it if they don’t even know the significance of what a member of an organization is doing? With the information that the researcher provided in this study, family and teachers of the person involved will more understand and support that person. For a Student
This thesis will be useful in case that you would plan to build your own kind of organization someday. A student will have basic knowledge about the importance of building an organization and how it would affect everyone around him.
For a Teacher
Understanding the student is one of the jobs of a teacher. A teacher should be a good mentor for their students. If they would understand the essence of having an organization, it would be easy for them to understand and support their students in doing organizational activities.
1.4. Scope and Delimitation
The coverage of the study focuses only inside the school of Gen. Licerio Geronimo Memorial National High School (G.L.G.M.N.H.S). The researcher made a survey to the students and teachers inside the school to support the given topic. The research focuses on the effectiveness and importance of every organization that exist in G.L.G.G.M.N.H.S. The role and jobs of each organization and how do they work on their task is also included on the information given by the researcher.
2.1. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE:
The scope of school organization is very vast. It includes; efficiency of the institution, securing benefits of the school through practical measures, clarification of the functions of the school, coordination of the educational programs, sound educational planning, good direction, efficient and systematic execution. It provides close collaboration and sense of sharing responsibilities, organized purpose and dynamic approach. This was also proved by Sheldon in his article “Scope and Importance of School Organization” where he also states the relationship between Organization, Administration and Management.
“Any organization plays a vital role in the life of human being. It plays different functions like; brings efficiency, guide pupil to receive right direction from the right teachers, enables the pupil to get profit from their learning, bring coordination of the student-teacher-parents-society. It provides well defined policies and programs, 4
favorable teaching learning situation, growth and development of human beings, make use of appropriate materials, effective development of human qualities, execution of the programs, arrangement of the activities, efforts for attainment of the objectives. Organization is the formation of an effective machine; management, of an effective executive; administration, of an effective direction. Administration defines the goal; management strives towards it. Organization is the machine of management in its achievement of the ends determined by Administration”.
School organization refers to how schools arrange the resources of time, space, and personnel for maximum effect on student learning. It plays an important role in attaining school’s progress and achieving student’s success. This was proved by Sarfaz Ahmad, M.Phil Scholar on his website http://www.edchat.blogsport.com entitled “School Organization and Management”.
“The research on school organization is clear: in general, small schools yield better results than large ones. This suggests that educators at large schools can help more students learn by creating subunits—schools within a school. Moreover, studies on teacher collaboration and teaming have shown that students benefit when teachers work together to promote student learning. Some schools in rural areas, of course, are too small, unable to provide a reasonable range of curricular or extracurricular offerings. But while educators in large schools can generally devise ways to break up into smaller units, those in small schools can't usually do much about their limited resources (although the Internet now provides students with learning opportunities that were not previously available).”
There is a strong tendency in human society for the unorganized group to develop organization and for organizations to develop even where there has been no consciousness of a group previously, in which case the organization itself creates the group it expresses and embodies. Consequently, group conflict tends easily to pass over into organizational conflict, and the growth of organizations themselves may create conflict where no previous consciousness of conflict existed this was the theory of Kenneth E. Boulding which he discussed the education and school organization on his website http://www.newfoundations.com/OrgTheory/SchoolasOrg.html.
“We know that schooling and education are not the same. Education pursues values that may not be realized in actual schools. And neither is socialization and education the same. As children learn to adapt themselves to the social situations they must cope with, they may not reach the goals their community aspires to. In studying the organization of the schools we learn how different organizational structures influence the socialization of children in ways which may undermine as well as support educational goals. 5
The way schools work often has greater effect on what students learn than what their teachers try to do. Here is an example. For administrative convenience, some schools require final grades to be entered weeks before summer vacation begins. This is supposed to be a top secret. Invariably students find out about it. When they question their teachers about it, the teachers, following administrative directive reply that no grades are final and that any slacking off will be reflected in a lower grade. The students not only disbelieve this, they understand the teachers to be lying. Worse, they take them for fools to persist in lying in the face of common knowledge. Imagine the moral lessons these students come to learn, just for the sake of organizational convenience Here is another real example where crossed purposes produce questionable results. A principal of a large high school, feeling that school spirit is low, has senior and junior students brought to the auditorium for a pep rally the day before a major football game. At first the students are unenthused, but as bugles blare and drums boom and sparcely clad cheerleaders somersault , interest is aroused. Finally, the whole auditorium is on its feet, shouting, "Go!, Go! Go Team! Go!" Then the bell rings for change of class. "Go!, Go! Go Team! Go!" the students continue to chant, in their frenzy oblivious of the bell. The vice-principal in charge of assemblies runs onto stage and turning the volume up on the PA system yells at the students to shut up and sit down. His thundering commands, electronically amplified to the point of audial pain, eventually overpower the crowd. Red-faced, he tells that students that he is disgusted by their blatant disregard for school procedures. "That bell is the signal for you to quiet down and pass on to the next class!" he scolds. The students shuffle out, no doubt having learned a sad lesson about the meaning of school spirit and the need to respect school procedures. Teachers work hard at trying to develop industriousness in their students. They also try to get them to develop an interest in their studies that will motivate them through much of the drudgery of learning. But what happens all to often when they have a class humming along through a lesson? An announcement on the loudspeaker interrupts the class. Or, the bell rings signaling the end of the class period. Or, a suprise fire drill or visit from the principal stops the lesson. No doubt these all serve organizational purposes. But what lessons do the students learn about the relative importance of their studies to the importance of announcements, scheduling convenience, fire drills and principal observations? Is it any wonder that the most common complaint of high school teachers is that students show little, if any, interest in their studies? Perhaps they have been socialized out of it. To reiterate, it is important for school people to recognize that many school problems are generated by organizational structure rather than to mistake them for shortcomings in themselves or their students. They should also be careful of those who firmly deny this possibility. Anyone who insists that there are no organizational problems may have a hidden agenda to reinforce his or her authority through guilt and feelings of inadequacy.”
The characteristics of school organizations and their reactions to change are critical to success in educational reform. This chapter discusses organizational changes in governance, curriculum, assessment and evaluation, students, time, staff, space, and instruction that can help implement Project 2061's vision of science, mathematics, and technology education reform. This was discussed on the website http://www.project2061.org/publications/bfr/online/organiz/text.htm
“Organizational change, in order to be effective and sustainable, may need to be incremental, and it must accommodate the need to simplify complexity in schools and classrooms. We form organizations in part to manage the complexity of a disorganized world and to create stability and predictability where none exists naturally. Simplification is necessary to the health of an organization and the well-being of its members. In schools, where staff are responsible for large numbers of students and a variety of content subjects in the course of a day, the need to reduce complexity is especially important. We begin with a general analysis of lessons gleaned from the historical influences on school organization, followed by discussion of how reforms might be implemented in the organization of governance, curriculum, assessment and evaluation, students, time, staff, space, and instruction. Finally, to augment this discussion, we examine the process of change at one of six School District Centers where Project 2061 principles are being deliberately employed.”
Organization and management of school has been compared by the blogger Jacob Kuttyta on his website http://jacobkuttyta.hubpages.com/hub/Definition-of-Management.
“Management is the art of getting things done through people. In a broader sense, it is the process of planning, organising, leading and controlling the efforts of organisation members and of using all other organisational resources to achieve stated organisational goals. The definition of management can be broadly classified into four groups:
1. Process School: The process School defines management in terms of functions undertaken by the manager in an integrated way to achieve organisational purposes. According to Henri Foyol, to manage is to forecast and plan, to organise, to command, to cordinate and to control. All other definitions of management related to this school are either marginal additions, deletions, or elaborations of the functions listed out in the above definition.
2. Human Relations School: This school emphasises the human aspect of organisation and conceives it as a social system. It is a social system because managerial actions are principally concerned with relations between people. In fact, management is concerned with development of people and not the direction of things. 7
The essence of this school is well reflected in the definition of Lawrence Appley to whom management is the accomplishment of results through the efforts of other people.
3. Decision School: The Decision School defines management as rule-making and rule-enforcing body. In fact the life of a manager is a perpetual choice making activity and whatever a manager does, he does through his decisions. Moreover, decision making power provides a dynamic force for managers to transform the resource of business organisation into a productive and cooperative concern.
4. System and Contingency School: According to this school, organisations like any living organism must adapt themselves to their environments for survival and growth. Thus, management involves designing organisations adaptable to changing markets, technology and other critical environmental factors. The systems theory of organisations are organic and open systems consisting of interacting and interdependent parts and having a variety of goals. Managers are supposed to maintain balance among the conflicting objectives, goals and activities of members of the organisation. He must achieve results efficiently and effectively. According Contingency School there is no best way to design organisations and manage them. Managers should design organisations, define goals and formulate policies and strategies in accordance with the prevailing environmental conditions.”
2.2 DEFINITION OF TERMS:
Administrative Management - The process of creating information systems and supervising its flow from and to others within an organization. Most job functions within a business involve performing some form of administrative management in order to store and pass on information to those within the company who need to use it in order to contribute to the business. Assessment - Assessment of learning, also known as summative assessment, is designed to measure student achievement and gauge what they have learned.
Contingency - a. An event that may occur but that is not likely or intended; a possibility. b. A possibility that must be prepared for; a future emergency. Curriculum - All the courses of study offered by an educational institution.
Development - a progression from a simpler or lower to a more advanced, mature, or complex form or stage. It is also defined as the gradual advancement or growth through a series of progressive changes. Development is a process, not a level. It is a path to achieve certain goals. Dissertation - a treatise advancing a new point of view resulting from research; usually a requirement for an advanced academic degree Descriptive research - concerned with the description of data and characteristics about a population. The goal is the acquisition of factual, accurate and systematic data that can be used in averages, frequencies and similar statistical calculations. Descriptive studies seldom involve experimentation, as they are more concerned with naturally occurring phenomena than with the observation of controlled situations. Education - the act or process of imparting or acquiring generalknowledge, developing the powers of reasoning andjudgment, and generally of preparing oneself or others intellectually for mature life. Effectiveness - The degree to which objectives are achieved and the extent to which targeted problems are solved. Endeavour - to exert oneself to do or effects something; make an effort; strive Evaluative research - Evaluation research is the discipline which deals with the theory, methods, and carrying out of evaluations. Its core are methodological issues concerning the application and applicability of the different methods of empirical research for different purposes in the context of evaluation. Executive - A person or group having administrative or managerial authority in an organization. Group - A collection of individuals who have regular contact and frequent interaction, mutual influence, common feeling of camaraderie, and who work together to achieve a common set of goals.
Hurdle - an obstacle to be overcome.
Institution -an organization, establishment, foundation, society, or thelike, devoted to the promotion of a particular cause orprogram, especially one of a public, educational, or charitable character 9
Organization - A social unit of people that is structured and managed to meet a need or to pursue collective goals. All organizations have a management structure that determines relationships between the different activities and the members, and subdivides and assigns roles, responsibilities, and authority to carry out different tasks. Policy - A plan or course of action, as of a government, political party, or business, intended to influence and determine decisions, actions, and other matters. Principle - a fundamental truth or proposition that serves as the foundation for a system of belief or behaviour or for a chain of reasoning. Program - a series of steps to be carried out or goals to be accomplished. Rural Area - an area outside of cities and towns
School - an institution where instruction is given, especially topersons under college age
3. RESEARCH DESIGN
Research studies are done to help understand and support educational issues, questions and processes. In this study, the research design used was an evaluative type of research wherein seeking for information about the effects and importance of an organization inside the school was done. This type of method would be useful to support the Quantitative approach. Quantitative approach involves making an analysis of numerical data gathered from the surveys, test, and questionnaires that would be useful to support the conclusion made. Descriptive research helps uncover new facts and meanings about the importance of each organization in Gen. Licerio Geronimo Memorial National High School. It also observes the relationship between the organization itself and how effective it was on the school. Survey is the major method used in data collection. Providing the questionnaires and making an analysis of the result leads to the final conclusion that supports the hypothesis that was first made. 10
3.2. Methods of Research
There are several methods used in doing the research. Evaluative research was used wherein we focus in researching about the effectiveness of each organization in Gen. Licerio Geronimo Memorial National High School. To support the hypothesis that was first made, Descriptive research was used. Descriptive research helps uncover new facts and meanings about the importance of each organization in Gen. Licerio Geronimo Memorial National High School. This includes making and providing questionnaires, test, surveys and doing some interviews. Doing the survey will help to obtain information about the opinion of other people. The gathered information from the application of surveys can create an accurate result and an overview based on the focus of the study. Through the form of questioning the group of people, the various point-of-views can be determined. The chosen method would be a contribution to the Quantitative approach of the study.
3.3. Source of Data
The survey was taken inside Gen. Licerio Geronimo Memorial National High School which was really the scope of the study. Not exceeding 40 students and 5 teachers was interviewed. Questionnaires were given to them to be answered. The participants chosen were divided into two kinds. Persons who have previous knowledge about the topic like teachers and officers of organization, and simple students who were not even a member of any organization. That was done to compare the ideas of the two kinds of participants and to make a better and clearer conclusion.
3.4. Data Gathering Instruments
The provided instruments in the method of research are the use of questionnaires for surveys which are allotted to the students and teachers. The questionnaires were divided into two parts. The first part containing questions answerable only by Yes or No, and the second part was an enumeration wherein the student or teacher is asked to provide their own answer about the certain question.
3.5. Data Gathering Procedure
The first thing that was done was the gathering of necessary data and information about the topic. It is needed in formulating the questions for the survey. After these, preparations of the questionnaires and other materials should be done. The gathering of data was conducted together with the respondents and the researcher. With the cooperation between them, a relevant survey was done.
Presentation, Analysis and Interpretation:
The data has been gathered from the researcher’s twenty respondents: 4 teachers, 3 presidents of each organization, 4 Senior students, 3 Junior Students, 3 Sophomore students and 3 Freshmen students.
This chapter discusses the results of survey to 20 respondents prior to the initiation of the survey process, the purpose, the significance and objectives of the study were relayed to the participants.
Do you believe that having organization is really
helpful in our school?
Do you think joining organizations will be helpful
in the improvement of a student’s leadership?
ON WHAT FIELD OF SCHOOLS IMPROVEMENT DO YOU THINK EACH ORGANIZATION SHOULD FOCUS? Are the organizations we have now enough to
help in improving our school?
Do you think organizations do their job properly?
STATE ATLEAST 2 BASIC JOBS OF AN ORGANIZATION.
Do you think organization is also helpful in the school faculty And other school personnel?
The table above is the sample questionnaire the researchers had given to their 20 respondents. It shows the actual contents of questions which the respondents will be going to answer. The first five questions are answerable by “yes” or “no” and the following questions are based on their own answers and opinion.
1. Do you believe that having an organization is really helpful in our school? 20
2. Do you think joining organization will be helpful on the improvement of student’s leadership? 20
3. Are the organizations we have now is enough to help in improving our school? 15
4. Do you think organizations do their job properly?
5. Do you think organization is also helpful in the school faculty and other school personnel? 18
The table has shown the number of respondents that answers ‘yes’ or ‘no’ on the given questions with their corresponding percentage.
Tables of Results of Questionaire:
ANALYSIS OF TABLE 4.2:
The table shows the percentage of respondents’ answers in every question. All of the respondents believe that having an organization is really helpful in school. 100% of them agree that joining organizations will be helpful in the improvement of a student’s leadership. 75% of the respondents believe that the organizations they have now is enough but 25% of the remaining beg to disagree because of their personal opinions regarding to the organizations that exist. 90% of the respondents agree that organizations do their job properly; they also believe that an organization really helps the school personnel and the school faculty. The remaining 10% disagree because they believe that not all organization do their job properly, they sometimes make this as an excuse or exemption to the rules of school.
ANALYSIS OF GRAPH 4.3:
The pie graph shows the percentage on which every organization should focus. The blue portion of the pie graph shows 35% of the respondents’ assumption that each organization should focus on the cleanliness of school’s inside and outside facilities. They believe that it is not enough to maintain only the cleanliness inside the school but rather outside the school facilities too. On the other hand, pink portion of the pie graph shows 35% of the respondents’ view that organizations should focus on the discipline. Disciplinary actions should be implemented in the school. The remaining 30% of the respondents have different opinions and unaware regarding to the issue.
BASIC JOBS OF ORGANIZATIONS: (SUMMARIZATION FROM THE SURVEY)
ANALYSIS OF CHART 4.4:
The chart showed the summarization of the basic jobs of each organization from the given questionnaire on the survey. Maintaining the cleanliness of school facilities and implementing disciplinary actions for the students are the most and common answers of the researcher’s respondents. 16
Based on the given results of conducted survey, most of the students agree that having an organization is really helpful for them and for the school. Organizations maintain cleanliness and implemented disciplinary rules which the students would follow. Most of the students believe that school organizations should more focus on the cleanliness and discipline particularly for the student’s concern.
In a brief conclusion based upon the result of the conducted survey, Organizations in Gen. Licerio Geronimo Memorial National High School (G.L.G.M.N.H.S.) really works on their assigned task. They maintain the cleanliness of school facilities and implement disciplinary rules for the concern of not only for the students but also in the improvement of the school. They also serve as the role model of which a responsible student should be. Most of the students believe that the school organizations are effective not only in the field of school’s progress but also it is important to the student’s leadership. This serves as an early training for the student’s future career. School organization is one of the building blocks of school’s improvement and of young people’s achievement.
http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/organization.html#ixzz2ATDY1AP9ries.com/definition/english/principle http://www.project2061.org/publications/bfr/online/organiz/text.htm http://www.edchat.blogsport.com
http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/administrative-management.html Definition of Assessment of Learning |