Human Resources Job Rotation

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CHAPTER 6: Training and Development

Training begins at an elementary level, often teaching basic literacy and mathematics skills before offering instruction in specific job skills.

The nature of work is changing. We can no longer count on learning one job and keeping it until retirement. We must learn to think not only of a single chosen career over a lifetime, but of several careers from which we master a cluster of skills that must be continually upgraded. Careers of the future will require lifelong learning, which means that training will become even more vital in your working lives than it was for previous generations.

Although training programs are offered for employees at all levels, they are more prevalent for noncollege and nonmanagerial personnel. Also, formal training programs are typically found only in larger companies, those with more than 10,000 employees.

Training centers are maintained by IBM, Xerox, General Electric and Avis Rent A Car.

Cooperative Education Programs

Cooperative education programs: business-sponsored training programs in which college students alternate periods of full-time college instruction with full-time employment.

Also called work-study programs. Cooperating companies in these earn-while-you-learn programs hire students to work a portion of each year in their field of study, thus giving students money for college expenses as well as valuable job experience. After graduation, many students are offered permanent jobs with the company they worked for during college.

Training for Disabled Employees

In an attempt to dispel stereotypes and to make all employees sensitive to the problems of being disabled, training is provided not only for the disabled employees but for the other employees who will be working with them.

Training and Fair Employment Practices

Training programs must meet equal employment opportunity guidelines and must be clearly related to job performance before their results can be applied to

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