Topics: Poverty, Poverty in the United States, Homelessness Pages: 9 (1953 words) Published: August 18, 2015

Dewayne Henderson
July 21, 2014
Tanisha Laidler
Human service workers help people who are homeless to meet basic needs. Human service workers may refer clients to a variety of providers, such as temporary or permanent housing facilities, organizations that serve meals, and job centers that can assist the client in learning new skills or finding jobs. Some clients can need help finding treatment to address and underlying cause of homelessness. Working closely with the client, human service workers identify problems and create a plan for service to help the client solve these problems. The process may include a multitude of helping techniques by evaluating the client support system, environment, and values are tailored to each individual’s needs. Human service workers cannot force help on someone who does not want it, and human service workers cannot take over a client’s life. Instead human service professionals tried to help every client make good decisions, find resources to overcome problems, and inspire the client to make improvements. The goal of a human service professional when helping the homeless population is to provide every resource possible to help the client not only find housing, but teach the client the skills he or she need to meet his or her basic needs. Affordable housing and poverty

A lack of affordable housing and the limited scale of housing assistance programs have contributed to the current housing crisis and to homelessness. Recently, foreclosures have also increase the number of people who experienced homelessness. Ageism and big companies downsizing has also played a factor in homelessness. Homelessness and poverty are inextricably linked. Poor people are frequently unable to pay for housing, food, shelter, health care, and education. Difficult choices must be made when limited resources cover only some of these necessities. Often it is housing which absorbs a high proportion of income that must be dropped. If you are poor, your essentially an illness, an accident, or a paycheck away from living on the streets (cited from national homeless.org). In 2011, the official poverty rate was 15%. There were 46.2 million people in poverty (cited from national homeless.org). Two factors that help account for increasing poverty in America or lack of employment opportunities with unemployment rates remaining high, jobs are hard to find in the current economy. Even if people can find work, this does not automatically provide an escape from poverty and homelessness. Decline in available public assistance help keep people in poverty and homelessness. The declining value and availability of public assistance is another source of increasing poverty and homelessness and many families leaving welfare struggled to get medical care, food, and housing as a result of loss of benefits, low wages, and unstable employment. Additionally, most states have not replaced the old welfare system with an alternative that enables families and individuals to obtain above poverty employment to sustain themselves when work is not available or possible (cited from national homeless.org).

Homelessness in America
According to the National Coalition for the Homeless, two trends are largely responsible for the rise in homelessness in America over the past 20-25 years: a growing shortage of affordable rental housing and a simultaneous increase in poverty. Persons living in poverty are most at risk of becoming homeless. In the United States, homelessness is an undeniable reality that impacts people of all ages, ethnicities, and life circumstances (cited from the National Coalition for the Homeless). Many factors can contribute to a person becoming homeless Poverty, Lack of affordable housing, Job loss, Lack of health care, Mental illness, Substance abuse, and Domestic violence (cited from the National Coalition for the Homeless).  Serving people with substance abuse and...

References: Bly, R. W. (1998). Improve your interpersonal skills. Chemical Engineering Progress, 94(10), 110. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/221522988?accountid=45
Penner, L. A., Dovidio, J. F., Piliavin, J. A., & Schroeder, D. A. (2005). PROSOCIAL BEHAVIOR: Multilevel perspectives. Annual Review of Psychology, 56, 365-392. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/205846635?accountid=458
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