Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions Theory: Power Distance, Masculinity, and Term Orientation

Good Essays
- Activity 2.1

Question 1:
a) The scores of UK,USA,Germany and Japan on the cultural dimensions.

Power distance
Masculinity
Term Orientation
UK
35
66
51
USA
40
62
26
Germany
35
66
83
Japan
54
95
88

b) The power distance is defined as the inequality social status between people,it usually relate to centralization,superiors and decision making in organization administration.The power distance of UK and Germany are both score as 35,it indicates that the inequality in this two country culture is being minimized,everybody can interdependence,they have same rights,superiors are not stand high above the masses,they are same as subordinates,superiors look smaller than the power of the real master,subordinates can participate in the decision making when working.For USA and Japan,the power distance are higher than UK and Germany,it indicates that the power distance between superiors and subordinates are quite big,superiors and subordinates are not equal,superiors have special rights,and superiors act like having high power that subordinates cannot close to superiors too much,and they are almost depend on superiors,they just follow the instruction after superiors do the decision.For example,when employees from UK,USA and Germany,they would more likely to participate in decision making,but if the leader is Japanese,he would think that it no their business,they do not have to participate in decision making or not feeling respected. The Masculinity is defined as the degree of male values dominated in the society,that means confidence,seek for money and substance,attach importance to personal quality of life,not concern about others.Or the degree of female values dominated in the society.The highest score is Japan,it indicates the degree of male value in the society is very high,people live to work,more assertive,when doing business,they are more focus on competition and performance,and more ambition.UK,USA and Germany are almost the same,the degree of male

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