The freedom of speech is regarded as the first condition of liberty. It occupies a preferred and important position in the hierarchy of the liberty, it is truly said that it is the mother of all other liberties. Freedom of Speech and expression means the right to express one's own convictions and opinions freely by words of mouth, writing, printing, pictures or any other mode. In modern time it is widely accepted that the right to freedom of speech is the essence of free society and it must be safeguarded at all time. The first principle of a free society is an untrammeled flow of words in an open forum. Liberty to express opinions and ideas without hindrance, and especially without fear of punishment plays significant role in the development of that particular society and ultimately for that state. It is one of the most important fundamental liberties guaranteed against state suppression or regulation.
Freedom of speech is guaranteed not only by the constitution or statutes of various states but also by various international conventions like Universal Declaration of Human Rights , European convention on Human Rights and fundamental freedoms, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and so on. These declarations expressly talk about protection of freedom of speech and expression.
What is construed as the media commonly today is not the entire media but only a part of it. The media includes both the traditional means of mass communication, such as books and pamphlets; puppet shows, street plays, ballads, pulpit and platform and the modern stage; small and big screen motion pictures; radio, print and the electronic media; SMS; Internet and so on.
there are norms of journalistic ethics prescribed by the Press Council of India, which govern the newspapers; they are not laws, but professional ethics to be observed by the print media. There are, however, no such guidelines for the electronic media, since the Press Council has jurisdiction only...
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