In 1933 Field marshal Hindenburg, the president of Germany, established a cabinet with Adolf Hitler as chancellor and other Nazis and nationalists in positions of power. This followed after von Scheichers government failed to conciliate centre and left political interests. Hitler's rise to power was a consequence of a number of contributing factors, including resentment at the loss of World War One, the weaknesses in the Weimar republic exploited by using propaganda, the trepidation of the SA, Hitler’s storm troopers, his charismatic and passionate oratory skills that captivated the German nation and the poor state of the German economy which increased support for the Nazi party. Historians have different opinions on Hitler’s rise to power. Intentionalism suggests that it was Hitler as an individual and that his charisma and oratory skills combined with ideology and his plans for racial purity for Germany were the main contributing factors in his rise to power. However Structuralism suggests, that in a country already geared politically to right, the incredibly poor state of the German economy increased the number of people who voted for the extremist Nazi party and that Hitler was merely the face of the party (S J Lee 1998).
The humiliation of the German defeat in World War One and the Impact of the Treaty of Versailles affected Hitler’s rise to power. Germany was heavily persecuted by the treaty loosing around 13 per cent of its territory and all of its colonies. Germany were made to accept full responsibility for World War One and because of this made to pay considerable reparations to their western allies, to pay for the damage caused during the war, of which the amount was not yet decided. Germany’s army and navy were also cut in size and they were subsequently prohibited from having an air force. The treaty had a negative effect on Germany, as a country they were humiliated. The disgrace that was imposed on Germany left...
Bibliography: S J Lee (1998) Hitler and Nazi Germany. Rouhedge.
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