Review Why the Allies Won－Richard Overy
World of History II 1002C
The Second War is the global military battle that started in 1939 and end in 1945, involving most of the countries of the world, including all the leading powers. Eventually, they divided into two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. Meanwhile, this war is the largest and casualties in the history of warfare. For the vast majority of people, The Second World War brought an enormous impact to them. As the British military historian, Richard Overy believes that an Allied victory in the Second World War was inevitable. He holds his viewpoint that the combined economic resources of the British, Soviets, especially the Americans were bound to overwhelm the Axis powers such that the Allied victory was a predictable conclusion by 1943. At very beginning of the book, Richard Overy said, the vast majority of Allied resources are worse than the axis's in almost every area before 1943；however, he asks the difficult question that is if Allied victory was so certain in 1943, why is every person would have concluded that the Axis were definitively win the war in the summer 1942? Start with the inconceivable Japanese win the post-Pearl Harbor which they had trashed allied forces from the India to the Solomon, capturing two sizeable American (the Philippines) and British (Malaya) armies in the process. Add this the almost total Axis control of Europe from the Atlantic to the Russian steppes, and their upcoming capture of Egypt, along with the apparent stoppage of Soviet resistance; according to these events, it looked like an Axis victory was a matter of time. In this book, Overy tolerantly put forward his standpoint one after another to demonstrate allies certainly triumph over the axis powers. He believes that the Allies even in a horrible situation, they also can modify their battle plan to improve their performance over a great quantity military and economic area and won the Second World War. The strength of the aircraft is one of the reasons why the allied victory. Roosevelt believes that the Air Force's strategy will not only be a key factor in future wars, but also an a important way to reduce U.S. casualties. In his encouragement, the U.S. troop establishes the air forces that Germany and Japan were scared. The core of this strategy is the strategic bombing, remote, unrestricted bombing of enemy territory, economic and military infrastructure systems. In fact, as early as before the U.S. joined the war in December 1941, the British strategy has long been in steady progress. The British Prime Minister Churchill also consents with his viewpoint that uses the aircraft bombing the German. Churchill had always been an enthusiast for the bombing. In the First World War, as First Lord of the Admiralty, he authorized the early bombing attacks by Britain's fledging air forces against the German Zeppelin bases in Germany. Britain and the United States bombard to Germany for the whole period of the Second World War. The battle of Britain is the first major campaign to be fought entirely by air forces and first combat war in human history, it proved that the strategy of massive air strikes will directly influence the course of the war; meanwhile, showing airpower in the generation of war in the important position and proves that the air defense strategic significance. Hitler always dreamed of the British surrender and he did not make any preparation for this battle. In the weapon equipment comparison, The German air force equipment bombers mostly sub ducted detonation frying machine and light, medium bomber, bomb load, long range strategic heavy bomber minimal amount, cannot assume the task of strategic bombing. German fighters only Messerschmitt－109 can barely and British fighter combat; however, it limited by flight restrictions and hard to play in the fighting. Even though the British have a small quantity of aircraft, but the performance is...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document