Historical Report on African Americans in the United States

Topics: African American, Black people, American Civil War Pages: 3 (798 words) Published: March 17, 2013
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Historical report on African Americans in the United States Christine Jennings University of Phoenix|

African Americans were not always slaves and did not have citizenship. However after African Americans started to come to America, they were made into slaves, with no rights because of the color of their skin. In 1619, A Dutch ship brought the first 20 slaves to America. This was the beginning of slavery for the African Americans. Throughout history African Americans have had a hard time gaining the right to be equals and free. African American people were not to eat, use the same restroom, or even travel with a white person in the beginning. This was the way of the New World. African American men, woman, and children were not to live near white people, attend schools that white children attended, or use recreational facilities that white people used. For Example, if an African American man was to look at a white woman or stand up for himself, he would be beaten, ridiculed, and in many cases murdered. In 1861, the civil war begins and African American men have an opportunity to gain freedom and independence. The African American men who fought for the issue of slavery would be granted freedom at the end of the war. The war raged on for another four years. In 1863, President Abraham Lincoln legally frees all slaves in the confederacy by signing the Emancipation Proclamation. In 1865, the government passes the thirteenth Amendment, outlawing slavery, and establishing the Freedman’s Bureau to assist former slaves. This is the beginning of the reconstruction era. In 1865, Union General William T. Sherman issues a field order setting aside 40 acre plots of land or 40 acre plots of land and a mule in Georgia, South Carolina, and Florida for African Americans to settle. Unfortunately in 1866, the all white legislatures in the former Confederate states...
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