1. Hinduism 72 -113
2. Buddhism 128 – 155
Hinduism has also been the source of three other religions. (Jainism, Buddhism, Sikhism) The word Hindu comes from the Sanskrit name for the river Indus, Sindhu. Hindu may refer to a great variety of religious beliefs and practices, it generally applies to the religion of the people of India. “Hindus,” Indians who did not convert to Islam
7th to 15th century C.E, Hinduism flourished in much of Southeast Asia and still survives on the Indonesian Island of Bali. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, indian hindus spread throughout the British Empire. It exists in Europe, Africa, the Caribbean, and North America The origins of Hinduism
The history of Hinduism begins with the migratory waves of Aryan people into India during the second millennium BCE. Vedic literature = religious literature of the Aryans.
Vedas, excavations showed that as early as 2600 BCE.
The Coming of the Aryans
The term Aryan is a Sanskrit word “the noble ones”; this word was applied to a group of migrants who moved into the Indus valley in the second millennium BCE from what is now iran. The Aryans of this period were organized along tribal lines and were led by chieftains called rajas. Aryan society began to develop into three basic classes called varnas (Brahmins -> Kshatriyas, vaishyas, shudras.) Aryan Religion
The collection of gods that the Aryans worshiped seems to have been personifications of various natural forces, such as the storm, the sun, the moon, and the fertility of the soil. -> This indicates that the origins of Hinduism are to be found in an even more ancient animistic religion. Angi, the god of fire, was the channel through whom offerings were presented to the other gods. Another liquid apparently used as a libation was the juice of the scared soma plant. The exact identification of the soma plant is lost to the modern world. The Vedas include an extravagant formula for sacrificial offerings. Perhaps the most expensive and elaborate sacrifice ever used in any religion originated among the Aryans. ( The horse sacrifice) The Vedic Era
The oldest sacred books of Hinduism are the Vedas.
The Vedas are the basic source of the Hindu understanding of the universe. Some scholars believe that the earliest of the Vedic hymns may have developed prior to the coming of the Aryans before 2000bce and that they were still developing as late as the sixth century ce. There are four basic Vedic books.
1. The first and most important is the Rig-Veda (veda meaning knowledge or sacred lore), a collection of over 1000 hymns to the Aryan gods which contains the basic mythology of these gods. 2. Yajur-Veda a collection of materials to be recited during sacrifice to the gods 3. Third book the Sama-Veda is a collection of verses from the basic hymns recited by priests at sacrifices. 4. The fourth book second in importance only to the Rig-Veda is the Atharva-Veda which contains rituals to be used in the home and popular prayers to the gods along with spells and incantations to ward off evil. The Upanishads
The fourth section of each of the Vedas is the Upanishads.
There are currently about 200 Upanishads, varying in length from one to over fifty pages. All other being other than Brahman is not real. Reincarnation (moksha is the end of this) The Law of Manu
This law was probably...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document