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Topics: Fluoxetine, American Diabetes Association, Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor Pages: 5 (1680 words) Published: April 12, 2014
Diabetes in Relation with Depression in Women
Have you ever wondered how diabetes has affected millions of women in the U.S.? Diabetes has been around for many years and is a chronic physical health problem and can lead to death and many, many more chronic illnesses over a woman’s lifetime. One of the major problem of having diabetes is that it can lead to depression. Depression had been diagnosed in many women and will continue to be diagnosed. Diabetes was discovered in 1910 by Sir Edward Albert Sharpey-Schafer. Schafer was studying the pancreas and discovered insulin a substance that is in everyone who does not have diabetes. The people who do have diabetes lack in insulin. Insulin comes from the latin word insula which mean island, and it is referencing the insulin producing islets of Langerhans in the pancreas (American Diabetes Association (ADA) 2014). Insulin is needed to open up the cells so that the sugar can go inside and be converted to energy, and when a person lacks insulin, it means that they are not able to open the cells by themselves, they need a boost to open the cells. There are two types of diabetes. Type 1 is when the immune system is attacking the pancreas. The cells that produce insulin are perceived as foreign cells and destroys them. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form, in this people are able to produce some of their own insulin but it is not enough to open the cells to let the sugar in. The American Diabetes Association was founded in 1940 to see to the needs of increasing complications developing from the disease. In 2003 the Troglitazone in Prevention of Diabetes (TRIPOD) treated women who were at risk of developing type 2 diabetes and TZDS, and it was very effective. It completely prevented the onset of the disease. In 2009 scientists discovered five genetic biomarkers and could lead to improved treatments for type 2 diabetes(ADA). In 2010 scientist identify genetic markers that is evidence that there is a genetic link to diabetes and low birth weight. About 12.6 million women are diagnosed with diabetes (ADA). Diabetes can lead to amputation, cardiovascular diseases and stroke, high blood pressure, blindness, kidney disease, nervous system disease and in many cases death. Diabetes in one of the most studied diseases in America and throughout the 100 years that its been discovered there has been so many advances in medicine to help try to control and may eliminate it. There are about 7 million people who are not diagnosed, and the earlier that a person is diagnosed, the better the persons chances are of living the healthy life that they want. Diabetes is especially hard on women because when a women gets pregnant the disease can affect the women and the baby. Its dangerous to have a baby when you are diabetic and are not taking care of yourself properly. The difficulties that a diabetic can face during pregnancy is a miscarriage or the baby can be born with birth defects. Women are more likely to develop cardiovascular diseases at a very young age, than a woman who does not have diabetes. Depression has been around for centuries, all the way from Ancient Greeks and Romans to the 20th century. It was previously called melancholia and now there are many kinds of depression. Depression is mainly caused because of chemical imbalance in neurotransmitters in the brain (nytimes). Serotonin signals has gone awry, and the chemicals are not going where they should be going. There are so many causes to depression. A major setback in a persons life can lead to severe depression and it might take many, many years for it to get better and in some cases never at all. Depression can lead to many other health problems and suicidal thoughts. There are millions of people who are diagnosed with depression and they seek medication to help them do every day to day routines. In the 1980s, there was studies going on to figure out how exactly the levels of serotonin were affected by depression....
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