Geography, topography and resources of Egypt and its neighbours,
The main geographical feature of Egypt was the Nile river which was made with 3 rivers combining (the blue, White Nile and the river Atbara river) which ran from though the whole Egyptian landscape. In that time there was 3 seasons first was the flood, then the flood waters would retract and leave be hide a thick layer of silt which was perfect for growing crops and allowed papyrus trees to grow giving them paper . The last season was the drought at which time the crops would be harvested and stored the government would collect taxes at this time. The Nile is the life of Egypt. The Nile also made Egypt into two different regions which they called the black land ( the colour left be hide by the layer of silt) and red land ( colour of the dessert and the mountains surrounding ). There was an extreme amount of building materials like limestone and lacked only a few valuable materials like timber and oil which had to be imported from rethink, the Mediterranean, Syria-Palestine Nubia. Nubia in particular is gave the access to incense, animal skins and ostrich feathers.
Historical overview of the early Eighteenth Dynasty
In the 18th Dynasty is unclear to who was on the throne at the beginning some believe that king Ahmose was but could have been Seqenenre Tao II son. 1565 B.C Ahmose defeated the Hyksos who held Lower Egypt and reunited the 2 lands and his son Amenhotep I took back Nubia. Thutmose I in 1524 B.C was a pharaoh who was also father of Hatshepsut. He was a great warrior pharaoh extending Egypt’s borders in Nubia andfurthered Egypt’s influence around the Euphrates River.
Overview of the social, political, military and economic structures of the early NewKingdom period
The social structure of Ancient Egypt was made of the highest class the pharaoh and the royal family followed by the nobles and chief government officials. Middle class was scribes, soldiers, craftsmen... The lower class consisted of farmer’s servants and fisherman. Military structure,
The pharaoh held complete military authority and had a council of military officials that advised him on foreign matters. There were 3 divisions the made the Egyptian arm 1, Infantry 2, Chariot riders 3, the navy. The Egyptian economy was based on trading as there was no money in Egypt. They had a system based on ‘debens’ which were copper sheets. International trade was done in the same way both parties would negotiate until both were satisfied. Another way Egypt would bring money into the nations was the booty it brought back from war; they would take back the sons of the fallen kings and hold them for ransom. Politics of Egypt,
In the beginning the creator made other gods, established borders, maintained justice and became the first king. In the new kingdom the pharaoh was the head of the government and the link between the people and the gods. This meant the pharaoh had to be religious leader by looking after statues, building new ones, providing offerings, conducting festivals, maintaining justice and extending the borders of order and fighting chaos and destruction. High priests controlled the temples and Wab Priests looked after the daily needs of the gods within the temple.
Relationship of the king to Amun
In the time of the new kingdom the god Amun was the most important he was the god of Thebes he was often referred to as the ‘hidden one’ and was seen as a man with a headdress of ostrich feathers or a ram with horns. He was linked with the sun god (Old Kingdom) re. The pharaohs would build monuments dedicated to Amun to show the strong bond o the people.
Overview of religious beliefs and practices of the early New Kingdom period There was many gods worshipped in Egypt. The main gods were Amun, Re, Osiris, Isis, Seth, Horus Anubis, Thoth, Maat and Hather. The temples held statutes of the gods and needed to be taken care of everyday by...
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