Gupta And Islam

Topics: Islam, Mecca, Caliph Pages: 2 (508 words) Published: December 3, 2014
 Before the Modern Era, most empires were ran through a religion. That is called a theocracy. Today, only a few stand like Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Pakistan. The Islamic Caliphates and the Mauryan/Gupta empires were two main empires before the 1200s. There were a lot of differences and similarities between these two. The Islamic Caliphates were located in the modern day Middle East. The word Islam means submitted to god, the religion was started by the prophet Muhammad in the city of Mecca. During the empire there were two different groups that ruled. First, there was the Umayyad Caliphate which ruled from 661 to 750. Their capital was Damascus. The empire ruled land from Spain to India. Then, the Abbasid Caliphate overthrew the Umayyad. The Abbasid Caliphate are the descendants of Muhammad’s uncle, Al-Abbas. They ruled for a long time from 750 to 1258. In the 9th century the Abbasid Caliphate suffered a crisis. The Caliph lost trust generals and troops in areas. So, the Caliph Purchased Turkic slaves, mamluks, from Asia to form a standing army. The Mauryan and Gupta Empires were located in India by the Ganges Valley. The Mauryan Empire was named after the founder Chandragupta Mauryan. The Gupta Empire was named after Maharaja Sri Gupta. The Main religion in these empires was Hindu. The Mauryan Empire was the first to rise ruling from 324 to 184 B.C.E. Under the rule of the Mauryan Empire the Ganges Valley grew wealthy by iron mining, control of trading routes, and the taxes on agriculture. The second empire is the Gupta Empire, which rose around four hundred years after the Mauryan Empire in 320 and lasted till 550 C.E, the Gupta Empire was a powerful Indian state. The capital of the empire was Pataliputra. The empire most of the India because of a strong army and a sophisticated culture. One of the main similarities that the Islamic Caliphates and the Mauryan/Gupta Empires had in common is that both empire were...
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