government

Topics: United States Constitution, Federalism, U.S. state Pages: 24 (5086 words) Published: October 20, 2013
AP – Unit 2 – Test Bank
These are a lot of review questions on material from last year. Refresh your brains.

1) The primary goal of the American Revolution was to
A) establish a new political system
B) create a new economic order
C) institutionalize new social values based on equality
D) restore rights the colonists felt were already theirs as British subjects

6) Right after the Revolutionary War, a dramatic change swept through the new country: A) a dramatic increase in democracy and freedom.
B) a population shift from country to city.
C) an explosion in prosperity.
D) a population shift from the cities to the country.
E) full-scale industrialization.

4) After the Revolution, James Madison observed that “the most common and durable source of faction has been A) racial inequalities.”
B) the various and unequal divisions of property.”
C) urban and rural divisions.”
D) aristocracy.”
E) the British army.”

3) Beginning in 1781, the U.S. was governed under the
A) Articles of Confederation
B) British Constitution
C) Mayflower Compact
D) current U.S. Constitution
E) Basic Law of 1781

5) Among the factors that contributed to economic turmoil under the Articles of Confederation was the A) power shift from middle-class farmers to wealthy landowners. B) state legislatures that favored creditors and created more debt. C) postwar depression that left many small farmers unable to pay their debts and threatened mortgage foreclosure. D) decreasing economic viability of slavery.

E) existence of all these factors.

2) A small band of farmers in Western Massachusetts took up arm in what is remembered as A) Shay’s Rebellion.
B) the Whiskey Rebellion.
C) King George’s War.
D) the Farmer’s Revolt.
E) the Boston Tea Party.
7) Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress had the power to A) maintain an army and navy.
B) levy taxes.
C) regulate commerce.
D) overturn state laws.
E) All of these.

8) What was the original, sole, and express purpose of the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia?
A) Revise the Articles of Confederation
B) Abolish the Articles of Confederation
C) To grant women the right to vote
D) To choose the first president
E) To negotiate the peace treaty with Great Britain

9) The view of human nature most prevalent among the Founding Fathers was that
A) People are basically cooperative and community-oriented
B) People are self-interested in acquiring wealth and power
C) Human nature can be perfected, given the right social and political institutions
D) Men abhor power and the burdens that come with it
(Hint: Think about Madison’s view on the reason for factions)

10) At the time of the Constitutional Convention, slavery
A) was illegal only in Massachusetts
B) was prohibited north of the Mason Dixon line
C) existed only in Georgia and the Carolinas
D) was permitted in all 13 states
E) was prohibited by the Connecticut Compromise, which was never put into effect

11) The Connecticut Compromise at the Constitutional Convention A) resolved the impasse between those who favored the New Jersey Plan and those who preferred the Virginia Plan
B) threw out the idea of having a monarchy in the United States, opting instead for an indirectly elected president
C) settled the dispute over whether slavery should be allowed in the final constitution D) added the Bill of Rights to the Constitution in order to lessen concerns about too much power for the new government

E) involved all of these elements

13) On the issue of slaves, the Constitution specified
A) that slaves would count as three-fifths person for counting the nation’s population and determining seats in the House
B) nothing—it was too controversial a subject and the delegates could not agree on anything regarding it.
C) that a gradual end to slavery must be worked out by Congress and the states...
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