Gay Adoption in the United States

Topics: United States, Family, Adoption Pages: 6 (1927 words) Published: March 23, 2010
Gay adoption in the United States
Karlene Porter
Axia College of University of Phoenix
Research Writing
COM. 220
Tony Salinger
March 06, 2010

Gay adoption in the United States
As of October 9, 2009, there are approximately 123,000 children waiting to be adopted in the United Sates alone (U.S. Children’s Bureau, 2010). My partner and I of 11 years adopted my biological niece. In February 2003 we were awarded permanent custody although we were seeking temporary custody until her mother was mentally stable enough to take her back. However, the mother was allowed to have supervised visits that continued for two years and then she stopped showing and we have not had contact since. Last year my partner and I legally adopted her and after many trial and tribulations in her young life she is a happy and well adjusted little girl who love princesses, Barbie, and hope to one day marry her best friend Luke. Studies are shown in the direction of non-existence in which a parents' sexual orientation can not cause any disadvantage to their adopted children. “Findings are presented of a longitudinal study of the sexual orientation of adults who had been raised as children in lesbian families. Twenty-five children of lesbian mothers and a control group of 21 children of heterosexual single mothers were first seen at age 9.5 years on average, and again at age 23.5 years on average”.(Golombok & Tasker, 1996) Even though children are open to the elements to a single sexuality, children need role models.


Latest statistics from the U.S. Census 2000, the National Survey of Family Growth (2002), and the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (2004)

A parents' sexual orientation is not known to have caused any disadvantage to their adoptive children. Children raised in a single-parent family are at a disadvantage of poverty because there is not a second parent to help care and provide extra attention that only one parent can give. The studies are vague because none have been found. A parent's undisclosed sexual conduct, even if not in favor of the law, does not create an idea of unfitness. However, what can create an unfit parent would be evidence of abuse whether emotionally or physically, substance abuse, or sexual misconduct against the child. No evidence to support children of gay parents will adopt the gay lifestyle. A child raised in a homosexual family is no more likely of becoming a homosexual than those raised in a heterosexual family. At present, there are not enough heterosexual married couples willing to adopt and many have troubled pasts. Pedophilia is a hundred times greater to happen with a heterosexual, male, or female than a homosexual (Child Welfare, 2000). In Florida alone there are more that 3,000 children in foster care because of the lack of permanent adoptive homes.

In September 1993 a Virginia judge awarded grandmother, Kay Bottoms, two-year-old Tyler Doustou based on the argument that the mother Sharon Bottoms is an unfit mother for the reason that she is a lesbian. Judge Buford Parsons of the Henrico County Circuit Court argued that Sharon Bottoms engaged in unlawful sexual acts against Virginia state law. Tyler’s father supported awarding custody to Sharon Bottoms whom at the time currently lived with another woman.

In June 1994 the Virginia Court of Appeals unanimously overturned Judge Parsons ruling. Judge Sam W. Coleman III stated “A parent's private sexual conduct, even if illegal, does not create a presumption of unfitness.” (Judge Coleman, 1994) He also stated that there is not enough evidence to suggest Sharon Bottoms “abused or neglected her son, or that her lesbian relationship...has or will have a deleterious effect on her son.” (Judge Coleman, 1994)

In April 1995, the Virginia Supreme Court became involved and rejected the court of appeals decision and awarded the grandmother Kay Bottoms custody. The Virginia Supreme Courts...

References: . (2009, October 9). Trends in Foster Care and Adoption—FY 2002-FY 2008 (Annual Report). Retrieved from AFCARS data, U.S. Children’s Bureau, Administration for Children, Youth and Families:
A bias that hurts children. (2004, February 8). St. Petersburg Times . Retrieved from
Adopting the right attitude. (2009, May 16). Palm Beach Post, A 14. doi: 1755160091
Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System. (2009). Family Structure of a Chid’s Adoptive Family (). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Bottoms vs. Bottoms, THE COURT OF APPEALS OF VIRGINIA (Va. 1995).
Child Welfare Information Gateway . (2000). Gay and Lesbian Adoptive Parents: Resources for Professionals and Parents (). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Gays Seek Adoption Rights . (1995, October 13). Issues & Controversies On File. Retrieved from
Golombok, S., & Tasker, F. (1996). Do parents influence the sexual orientation of their children? Findings from a longitudinal study of lesbian families.. In ( pp. 3-11). Retrieved from
Saleton, W. (2002). The sneaky debate over legalizing adoptions by gay couples. Slate. Retrieved from
pros-and-cons-gay-adoption. (n.d.).,news-comment,news-politics,pros-and-cons-gay-adoption
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