Explain why Great Britain followed a policy of appeasement toward Germany in the 1930s?
The appeasement policy, which can be defined as a diplomatic policy that hopes of preventing war by making concessions to an aggressor, was displayed by Great Britain towards Germany in the preface to World War II. However, it proved to be a spectacular failure, because leaders of the countries that were being appeased were taking advantages of these policies and were building up their own power since other world leaders would not take any decisive action. Numerous factors consisting social, economical and political aspects formed the basis for the pursuing appeasement in the aftermath of World War I. At the Paris Peace Conferences, Britain, under the leadership of George Wilson had a hidden agenda. Britain have felt that the Treaty of Versailles had been too harsh on the Germans, and considered appeasement as a method of correcting the wrongs that German had been dealt in the aftermath of World War I. Wilson did not want full-scale reparations imposed on Germany, because they were still valued as a significant trading partner. Such views continued until the end of Chamberlain’s rule in office. As many countries were trying to recover from the depression, Britain saw Germany as a valuable trading partner to get the economy going. When examining the policy of appeasement, one has to understand the conditions and pressures of which the allied powers faced in the inter-war period. At the time, Russia was under the rule and authority of Communism. As a result, it was undergoing a complete re-vamp of its industrial sector and economy. Because of such rigorous change, the allies feared that communism would eventually grow and spread into their various spheres of influence. The allied powers thought that Germany would serve as a good buffer zone. The reasoning behind that was that it was better to have a fascist Germany act as a divider between them and Russia than to have a...
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