Topics: Existentialism, Albert Camus, Jean-Paul Sartre Pages: 3 (1581 words) Published: November 2, 2014
In the investigation of existentialism and its relevant philosophical ideas, I got impressed by those constructed men, resembling anti-heroes quite different from the traditional heroes, in those texts, Existentialism and Humanism by Jean-Paul Sartre, The Stanger and The Myth of Sisyphus by Albert Camus, The Ga Science by Friedrich Nietzsche, Dirge Without Music by Edna St. Vincent Millay, and The laws of God, the laws of man by A.E. Housman, which portray man as bereft of the traditional guideposts of morality and religion. Despite the lack of conventional heroic qualities like HYPERLINK http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morality o Morality morality and religion, anti-heroes always exist and differ from one another. As for me, Sartres version of the anti-hero would be most feasible in real life because his version of the anti-hero is less pernicious. In Sartres Existentialism and Humanism, one important principles of his existentialism is that existence precedes essence. Simply, it means that humanity is born with nothing without the human nature, the natural qualities and ways of behavior that most people have, due to the absence of God who is considered to define the mankind and give the human beings meaning and human nature. Since humanity faces the world without a dependence on God, we create who we are in form of actions. Thus, in creating ourselves, we create values and virtues and there are no preexisting virtues to guide us. I believe that Sartre thinks people have no obligation to comply with certain ethical standards or religious beliefs. Meanwhile people are free to choose, and thereby responsible for what they choose. But Sartre also indicates that humanity is condemned to be free because in choosing for himself a person chooses for all men. In other words, since each individual is also responsible for all human beings, the human beings are not absolutely free to choose and act. However, the problem why each individual is responsible for all human beings...
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