Ethical Leadership and Decision Making (5807)
Student: Carlton R. Marcyan
Date: July 30, 2010
The Ethics of Immigration and Hiring of Unauthorized Immigrants
as presented to
the Board of Directors of the XYZ Food Processing Company
Whether the United States continues its tacit policy of regulated but relatively un-enforced immigration raises ethical questions that include, but are not limited to: • the propriety of preventing hardworking people, who are looking for opportunity, from entrance into this country and the possibility of a better life,
• the financial burden on citizens who must pay more taxes to support immigrants,
• stress on government and social services caused by immigrant issues such as health care, police services and social welfare.
This briefing paper addresses these issues, and others, as well as the ethical considerations of hiring workers that may be unauthorized immigrants to the United States. Some of the questions in this regard include: • are jobs being taken away from actual citizens?
• what moral obligations does the XYZ Company have to it customers, community and country beyond legal obligations?
• does the hiring of unauthorized immigrants cause harm?
DATA POINTS, FACTS & RESEARCH
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) estimates that, as of the beginning of 2009, there were approximately 11 million unauthorized immigrants in the country with approximately 62% of that number from Mexico alone. 61 percent were ages 25 to 44 years, and 58 percent were male. In 2009 males accounted for 62 percent of the unauthorized population in the 18 to 34 age group while females accounted for 52 percent of the 45 and older age groups. See Table I “Age and Gender of Unauthorized Immigrant Population: January 2009”. California, in 2009, had the greatest population of unauthorized immigrants with 10,750,000. An increase from the 2000 figure of 8,460,000. See Table II “State of Residence of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population: January 2009 and 2000”. This 2009 DHS estimate is based upon year 2000 Federal census data with the assumption of one half million increase each year as estimated by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. Some organizations estimate the number to be in excess of 22 million with that estimate derived from a wide variety of sources that include reports of federal departments as well as private foundations. There has recently been sentiment for the arrest and deportation of unauthorized immigrants, but this has met strong resistance. Arizona’s recently enacted law authorizing police review of suspected illegal immigrants has, at present, been largely gutted by U.S. District Judge Susan Bolton. Nevertheless, for the period 2001 through 2008 there was a trend of increased removal, for various reasons, of aliens from the United States. Approximately 189,000 in 2001 to 359,000 in 2008. See Table III. The vast majority of these are Mexican nationals followed by those from Central and South America. See Table IV.
According to the US News there were 8.3 million unauthorized workers in the United States in 2008. The American Academy of Sciences in its 1997 study found that illegal immigrants and their cheap labor resulted in a 44% decrease in wages from 1980 to 1994. A debate rages as to whether these workers take away jobs from US citizens or work at jobs that US citizens refuse to do.
PROS & CONS OF ALLOWING UNAUTHORIZED IMMIGRANTS AND THEIR EMPLOYMENT IN THE UNITED STATES
Immigrants are hard workers who do much of he manual labor in the United States that its citizens refuse to do. Without these immigrants there would be no one to carry out the manual, menial and hard work that must necessarily be done to allow this country to exist. CON
Immigrants take work away from U.S. citizens. Especially, during these economically difficult times when jobs are...
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