International Journal Of Management & Behavioural Sciences (IJMBS) Vol. 04
ERP: AN EFFECTIVE RESOURCE UTILIZATION TOOL FOR
Prof. Amar R. Mudiraj *
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
* PROF. AMAR R. MUDIRAJ; ASSISTANT PROFESSOR, MARATHWADA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, AURANGABAD (MH)
In today’s era of fast growing organization, every organization is facing the problem of resource utilization, is one of the most difficult and challenging job for the organization. An organization needs an automatic tool for the resource utilization activities. ERP is one of the latest technologies that many organizations have undertaken. Typically, Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems are software packages composed of several modules, such as human resource, sales, finance and production providing cross-organizational integration of transaction-based data management throughout embedded business processes support. ERP supports in different levels of management and different modules are implementing. This research paper is highlighting the important features of ERP in the perspective of effective resource utilization tool for organization. Here, I have identified pre and post implementation details in the layout sub-components of ERP.
KEYWORDS: ERP, Resource Utilization, ERP module
In today’s era is rapid development era where everyone looking for fast growth in their work and simultaneously the organization also want better utilization of resources. Every organization tries to keep limited number of resource while running any project to control the cost of the project which will also help to increase their profitability. The resource utilization is one of the most difficult and challenging job for any organization and every organization tries to reduce the human dependency plus needs an automated tool which helps to increase the effectiveness in integrity between all different functional aspect of the organization and decrease the human efforts which might affect the accuracy and rapid response during dynamic situation during workflow. To face and fulfill all above aspect the organization require an integrated, automated, fast, feasible computerized tool which help in decision making, strategy planning, monitoring and controlling all the activities done during organization work.
The above all aspects are having one common solution i.e. ERP. Enterprise Resource planning (ERP) is latest high-end solution, information has lent to business application. The ERP solutions seek to streamline and integrate operation processes and information flows on the company to synergize the resources of an organization namely men, material, money and machine through information. ERP serves many industries and numerous functional areas in an integrated fashion, attempting to automate operations from supply chain management, inventory control, manufacturing scheduling and production, sales support, customer relationship management, financial and cost accounting, human resources and almost any other data oriented management process. ERP systems are designed to enhance organization’s competitiveness by upgrading an organization’s ability to generate timely and accurate information throughout the enterprise and its supply chain. A successful ERP system implementation can shorten production cycles, increases accuracy of demand for materials management & sourcing and leads to inventory reduction because of material management, etc. Moreover it can be used as a primary tool for re-engineering.
ERP Implementation process: - ERP implantation processes have three main phases, firstly Preimplementation phase, secondly In-implementation phase and finally Post-implementation phase.Every phase is unique but interdependent to each other, following table shows ERP implementation in very detail; Phase
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