Topics: Epilepsy, Seizure, Anticonvulsant Pages: 7 (1201 words) Published: April 4, 2013
Epilepsy takes place when one has unpredictable seizures due

to abnormal signals. These signals come from the temporal lobe.

Epilepsy can cause several seizures that affect the brain

overtime. An epileptic person that has not been diagnosed yet

suffers from several symptoms after or before a seizure due to

these strong abnormal signals. However, it all depends on which

type of Epilepsy the person has. Each type of Epileptic seizure is

completely different. There are three categories of epileptic

seizures, generalized, partial and absence seizures.

Epilepsy is diagnosed through the Electroencephalography

(EEG) and an Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the brain.

The EEG records the electrical activity that is released from the

temporal lobe. Depending on the doctor, an EEG can be from 30

minutes to an entire week. Usually when a doctor is unsure

whether to prescribe a medication, he or she wants to have a

longer recording of the electrical activity. An EEG that is under

24 hours usually takes place in the Neurologist office or in a

hospital. During this procedure, the doctor wants the patient to

record each time they have a seizure. If the patient has abnormal

electrical activity during these seizures, then the seizure is an

Epileptic Seizure. During a Neurological MRI, a patient's brain

structure is looked at to see if there are any irregularities of

the brain.

The Grand-Mal Seizures are the most common seizures in

Epileptic people. With this type of seizure the person loses

consciousness and passes out. During this seizure, there are

three phases that take place: Tonic, Clonic and Postictal. The

Tonic Phase is when a body stiffening takes place. This usually

last from 30 to 60 seconds. The Clonic Phase is when the

body goes into a violent jerking. The entire body starts moving

for 30 to 60 seconds. After this, the person goes into a deep

sleep known as the Postictal Phase. These seizures are known

to cause injuries or damage to the brain because the person

passes out and falls to the ground. Also, tongue biting and

urinary incontinence usually take place during the seizure which

can also harm the body.

Yet, there are several medications that can be taken for this

form of Epilepsy. The doctor will prescribe the medication for

Grand-Mal Seizures if he or she is sure that the patient has it.

With all the recordings from the EEG and the symptoms the

patient has, the doctor can figure out which medication is best

for this type of Epilepsy. Some common medications that

Neurologists prescribe to patients with Epilepsy are:

Carbamazepine, Phenytoin, Valproic Acid, Oxcarbazepine,

Lamotrigine, Gabapentin, Topiramate, Phenobarbital, Zonisamide,

Levetiracetam, Tiagabine, Pregabalin, Felbamate, Ethosuximide,

Lorazepam, and Clonazepam.

Partial seizures is when a seizure only affects one part of

the brain. It always depends what part of the brain it affects to

explain the exact symptoms that will take place. For example, if

the seizure affects the part of the brain that controls the

movement of hands then a jerking movement will take place in

that are. If there are other parts of the brain are involved then you can feel

a full feeling in your stomach or small movements. When one has complex partial

seizures then they tend to look confused or dazed. They are fully alert but

unconscious. Some symptoms would be lip smacking, chewing, fidgeting, and

involuntary movements. These involuntary movements are usually called

automatisms. When one has simple partial seizures they suffer with

jerking, movement in the muscles, spasms and head-turning. With Simple Motor

seizures, one feels unusual sensations that tend to affect their senses such as

vision, hearing, smelling, taste or touch. With...
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