enpowering users of health and social care

Topics: Health care, Public health, Health Pages: 8 (2614 words) Published: January 7, 2014

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2.1 explain factors that may contribute to loss of independence, non-participation and social exclusion for vulnerable users of services in health and social care? 3
2.2 Analyze how organizational systems and processes are managed to promote participation and independence of users of health and social care services 5
2.3 Analyze the tensions that arise when balancing the rights of the individual to independence and choice against the care provider’s duty to protect users of services in health and social care 6

3.1 Use a case study above on MR Philip to identify the extent to which individuals are at risk of harm in health and social care 7
3.2 Critically analyze the effectiveness of policies, procedures and managerial approach within a health or social care setting for promoting the management of risks? 7
4.1/4.2 Review current legislation, codes of practice and policy that apply to the handling of medication and evaluate the effectiveness of policies and procedures within a health and social care setting for administering medication? 9


2.1 Explains factors that may contribute to loss of independence, non-participation and social exclusion for vulnerable users of services in health and social care? Loss of independence is something which is happened by chance which makes a person dependent on others it may be caused due to any reasons and there are some factors that lead to loss of independence and make a person dependent on others these are as follows - Physical and Mental Losses

It may be occurred due to any physical or mental problem, it is in form of not remembering things or feeling tiredness in case of long walking distance. Other problems which may cause to lose of independence are as follows:- • Vision problems

• Less control over emotions
• Less physical energy
• Less flexibility
• Hearing problems
• Less ability to move easily
• Memory problems
• Less stamina
Social Loss
Physical losses can gradually limit the ability to participate in social activities – sports, cultural outings, parties, and even dining out. For example: • A person with a significant hearing loss, even with a hearing aid, might begin to avoid social situations for fear of missing conversation or having to ask others to repeat themselves. • A person with heart disease suffering from shortness of breath may be unable to continue daily walks with buddies. Over time, less contact with others may lead to fading friendships (Geyer, 1999)

Emotional Loss
Loss of independence can create tremendous frustration, feelings of uselessness, and sadness, due to a sense of loss of control in one’s life. Now other things discussed here is the factors that lead to non participation of vulnerable adults in social and health care, as we all know that vulnerable adults refers to those individuals who are not able to do his work himself he needs the services of a nursing home or health care in order to protect himself from any type of harm or abuse because it is not possible for him to protect himself from any type of violations (Jordan, 1997). So due to their inability and dependency on providers are the main factors that are related with their non participating behaviour. In this social exclusion refers to a situation when all the persons are not giving equal rights in taking education, housing facility as well as health and social care services. The main factor behind social exclusion is poverty. The person who is social exclude, he/she does not have the right to participate in the activities that normal residents have (Gillies, 1997)

Social isolation
The no of people who are living alone are increasing day by day so the chances of social isolation also increasing. For this basically four factors are responsible first one is attractiveness, health behavior, stress as well as repair and maintenance. Social isolation becomes the factor for loss of independence. 2.2 Analyze how...

References: Geyer, R. (1999) Can EU social policy save the Social Exclusion Unit and vice versa, Politics, 19(3): 159–64.
Gillies, P. (1997) Social capital: recognising the value of society. Healthlines, September: 15–17.
Jordan, B. (1997) A Theory of Poverty and Social Exclusion., ambridge: Polity Press.
Kawachi, I., Kennedy, B.P., Lochner, K. and Prothrow-Stith, D. (1997) Social capital, income inequality and mortality. American Journal of Public Health, 87(9): 1491–8.
Lee, P. and Murie, A. (1999) Literature Review of Social Exclusion. Edinburgh: The Stationery
Mental Capacity Act 2005 Code of Practice (Office of the Public Guardian - http://www.publicguardian.gov.uk/mca/mca.htm)
National Childcare Accreditation Council. (2007), Sample Medication Policy Template, from http://www.ncac.gov.au/policy_development/medication_policy_template.doc
Office.Frith, j., Kambouris, N., & O’Grady, O
Reupert, A. and Maybery, D. (2007) ‘Families Affected by Parental Mental Illness; A Multiperspective Account of Issues and Interventions, American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 77, 3, 362-369.
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