In A4.2 Because of the witches prophecies before ‘beware: Macduff’ Macbeth intends to kill macduff’s family. Before Lady Macduff and her children’s murder the audience get a sense of how innocent they are, as she describes herself like a ‘poor wren’ looking after ‘her young ones in her nest.’ in this she is comparing herself to a pure bird, and I makes her seem vulnerable and protecting herself from the “owl” that is personified as Macbeth, attacking them on the cover of night, and showing he is merciless and, lost any sense of mobility. As owls are seen as bad omens, compared to a bird that is vulnerable and fragile. This is also seen as a senseless slaughter of macduff’s family, and this murder of innocents shows that Macbeth has become beyond ruthless, and is descending into the depths of barbaricness. Through this scene we are shown juxtaposition against scene 1 showing that Macbeth still has no qualms or conscience against murdering. At the end of this scene when Macduff’s family is killed, it is seen as Macbeth killing an innocent mothering child. Compared to lady Macbeth, Macbeth is seen as more evil at this point. When the murderer kills Lady Macduff’s son he cry’s a plaintive cry for help “he has killed me, mother” and this highlights how depraved Macbeth is and has lost all sense of human morality, it is seen as the death of innocence in Scotland. Also Shakespeare murders them off stage to add suspense. Also to make the murder more brutal and a mystery as well as it prolongs suspense. Shakespeare’s plan is to make the audience feel Macbeth’s emotions and this is a structural technique by him to create uneasy feeling.
This is a turning point for Macbeth because it shows his character; personality, morals and everything are changing. He's not afraid to act out; he's no longer completely "good" -he's beginning his downfall. This is a link on the chain of events that ultimately lead to Macbeth's death. Until Act 5, Macbeth has been tormented with visions and nightmares while Lady Macbeth has derided him for his weakness. Now the audience witnesses the way in which the murders have also preyed on Lady Macbeth. In her sleepwalking, Lady Macbeth plays out the theme of washing and cleansing that runs throughout the play. After killing Duncan, she flippantly tells Macbeth "a little water clears us of this deed”. But the deed now returns to haunt Lady Macbeth in her sleep. Lady Macbeth's stained hands “out, dammed spot! Out I say!” Are reminiscent of what was seen as a sign if the devil in the Jacobean times and the guilt she has printed n her hands form all her wrong deeds. In this speech, Lady Macbeth's language is choppy, jumping from idea to idea as her state of mind changes. Her sentences are short and unpolished, reflecting a mind too disturbed to speak eloquently. Although she spoke in iambic pentameter before, she now speaks in prose and black verse.
Lady Macbeth's dissolution is swift. As Macbeth's power grows, Lady Macbeth's has decreased. She began the play as a remorseless, influential voice capable of sweet-talking Duncan and of making Macbeth do her deeds. In the third act Macbeth leaves her out of his plans to kill Banquo, refusing to reveal his intentions to her. Now in the last act, she has dwindled to a mumbling sleepwalker, capable only of a mad speech. Whereas even the relatively unimportant Lady Macduff has a stirring death scene, Lady Macbeth dies offstage. When her death is reported to Macbeth, his response is shocking in its cold interest. Here again Macbeth stands in relief to Macduff, whose emotional reaction to his wife's death almost "unmans" him.
The doctor's behavior in Act 5 Scene 3 resembles that of a psychoanalyst. Like a Freudian psychoanalyst, the doctor observes Lady Macbeth's dreams and uses her words to infer the cause of her distress. Lady Macbeth's language in this scene betrays her troubled mind in many ways. Her speech in previous acts has been eloquent and smooth. In Act 1 Scene 4, for example, she declares to Duncan:
In this speech, Lady Macbeth makes use of metaphor (Duncan's honor is "deep and broad"), metonymy (he honors "our house," meaning the Macbeths themselves), and hyperbole ("in every point twice done and then done double"). Her syntax is complex but the rhythm of her speech remains smooth and flowing, in the iambic pentameter used by noble characters in Shakespearean plays. What a contrast it is, therefore, when she talks in her sleep in Act 5: Over the course of the play Macbeth and Lady Macbeth greatly change with respect to their characters and their personalities. Although Macbeth was weak at first it was the strong Lady Macbeth who helped him through the first murder but in sacrifice to controlling Macbeth and his conscience she lost control of hers and in consequence turned insane and killed herself. Thus in the end it was worthy to call Macbeth and his wife "a dead butcher and his fiend like queen" but it must not be forgotten that at the beginning of the play Macbeth and his wife were ordinary nobles at the time.
When her death is reported to Macbeth, his response is shocking in its cold apathy. (Here again Macbeth stands in relief to Macduff, whose emotional reaction to his wife's death almost "unmans" him.)
All three characters, the witches, Banquo and Macduff play a crucial role in demonstrating Macbeth’s propensity for evil. Yet, Macbeth is a sympathetic character. He starts off as a hero but at the end of the play, he ends up as a villain and dies. This shows the tragic downfall of a man. If Macbeth can make the right choice in Act 1 in not believing the witches’ prophecies, he can probably avoid the murder of Duncan and the other murders as a result. Though Macbeth has acted cruelly, sinfully and tyrannically, he is still a tragic hero.